About The Park
The ocean’s crust and the mantle’s rocks are exposed, demonstrating a hard to find example of the continental drift - this is exposed by the reduction process of plate tectonics and sedimentary rocks
Geologists discovered the theory of plate tectonics at this location
Made up of the eroded remains from a mountain range that formed 1.2 billion years ago
Colliding glaciers and the grinding of glaciers formed the landscape
- Rock formations include sedimentary rocks & igneous rock
- Rocky and tundra like slopes that includes foothills, mosses and fjords
- Many beaches and bogs (Wet muddy grounds that are unable to support heavy weight).
- Newfoundland’s second highest mountain peak is located here, it's named Gros Morne & the park takes its name after it. Gros Morne is part of the Long Range mountains
Flora & Fauna
- Caribou, arctic hare, moose, ptarmigans, lynx, black bear, marten
- There is an abundance of moose and caribou
- Region supports whales and sea ducks
- High moose population
- There are few predators so there is nothing balancing the moose population
- Moose is eating too many young trees, ruining the regenerating tree cycle
- They eat the twigs of trees and too much of the park's vegetation
- In wintertime, when there are not a lot of vegetation, moose will eat great amounts of shrubs and trees
- They eat about 25 kg of food a day
- Without growth of trees, the forest becomes thin and turns into grassland or scrub
- 25 years ago, satellite images show how full of greenery the park was versus now and how thinned out it is
-Pilot project (2011)/Parks Canada planning to remove moose by licensed hunters.
-Selected hunting participants are allowed a quota of 950 moose in the 2016-17 year, only 46 hunted so far.
-Since 2011, 2000-3000 moose have been terminated from Gros Morne.
-Hunting grounds raised from 20% to 40% and now to 90%.
-Goal of hunting: reduce moose population to allow vegetation recovery
-Last year, with 500 moose licenses being permitted, 200 moose were hunted
- Much controversy around the idea of hunting as a solution since it may go against the goal and may endanger the species
- Newfoundland government's Moose Management System's plan: To make moose density equal in habitable areas
- The park only supports a few such areas that are applicable for moose.
-The Moose Management plan strives to accommodate social/cultural values, by consulting citizens.