The Anne Frank House (Secret Annex)
The Secret Annex was the place where Anne Frank, her family, and other people hid from the Germans. The buikding's front was used for Otto Franc's pectin business but a door on the left can lead you straight to the Annex. The Annex can be found behind the bookshelf upstairs to the second floor. The back of the building is covered with trees and the sides covered with other buildings, obscuring the vision of anyone who tries to look at it.
Rembrandt House Museum
The Rembrandt House Museum is a museum built in Rembrandt's house, honoring the famous painter. He worked inside this building for 20 years and many of his works are shown inside these walls. Many years after his death, Rembrant's house was in decay and not many people knew that he lived there. In 1908 thorough restoration was taken to the building and saved the house, turning it into a museum for all to see Rembrandt's works.
1. Marriage between Jews and subjects of the state of German or related blood are forbidden. Marriages nevertheless concluded are invalid, even if concluded abroad to circumvent the law. Annulment proceedings can be initiated only by the State Prosecutor.
2. Extramarital intercourse between Jews and subjects of the state of German or related blood is forbidden.
3. Jews may not employ in their household female subjects of the state of German o related blood who are under 45 years old.
4. Jews are forbidden to fly the Reich or National flag or to display the Reich colors. They are, on the other hand, permitted to display the Jewish colors. The exercise of this right is protected by the State.
5. Any person who violates the prohibition under I will be punished by a prison sentence with hard labor. A male who violates the prohibition under I will be punished with a prison sentence with or without hard labor. Any person violating the provisions under III or IV will be punished with a prison sentence of up to one year and a fine, or with one or the other of these penalties. The Reich Minister of the Interior, in coordination with the Deputy of the Führer and the Reich Minister of Justice, will issue the Legal and Administrative regulations required to implement and complete the Law. The Law takes effect on the day following promulgations except for III, which goes into force on January 1, 1936. Nuremberg, September 15, 1935 at the Reich Party Congress of Freedom.
The Nuremberg Law was used to discriminate against Jews and turn the citizens against each other. Laws like not being able to marry or have children with Jews were put in in order to keep German bloodlines pure without any Jewish blood. Jews were not allowed to hold Reich colors to continue to discriminate than however they were encouraged to show Jewish symbolism. Although this seems like a nice gesture, it was actually used to figure out which people were Jews and which were not. To me the law felt like it was perfectly planned. Even the smaller things felt bigger when you put the pieces together.
Propoganda is information used to promote a political cause or a point of view. This can readically change the opinions of many people in a country and may make things that weren't appealing more popular than before. Propoganda can be found in many types of things like books, movies, cartoons, posters, commercials, and even speeches. The people who make propoganda usually use different techniques to create convincing messages to the public. Propoganda was used in World War 2 to convince people to support the war, work harder, and inspire fear and hatred towards certain people or countries.
Fritz Pfeffer was a German dentist who hid with the Franks in the Secret Annex. After sending his son to England in 1938, he and his future wife, Charlotte Kaletta, moved to Amsterdam. He shared a room with Anne and they would often get into fights about many things like about how Anne's Diary was not as important as his studies. He was later captured along with the Franks and the van Pels by German soldiers and died due to entercolitis.
Peter van Pels
Born to Hermann and Augusta van Pels, Peter was one of the teenagers that hid in the Secreat Annex along with Margot and Anne Frank. He was born in Germany in 1926 and moved along with his family to the Netherlands in 1937. Peter was characterized in Anne's diary as a shy boy who didn't have many friends. He died in Mauthausen from exhaustion after he was captured along with the rest of the residents of the Secret Annex. He was 18 years old.
Edith Frank was the mother of Anne and Margot Frank and the wife of Otto Frank. Her relationship with Anne was a hard one since they often fought over things. Their fighting was so bad that Otto even had to take out pages from Anne's diary because they depicted her is a bad light. She was later captured along with the rest of the residents of the Secret Annex and died in 1945 due to starvation.
Miep Gies was a secretary who worked for Otto Frank's company. As a child, she was sent to the Netherlands after World War I but she decided to stay there and lived there ever since. While working for Otto Frank, she met Edith Frank along with Anne and Margot. She and her boyfriend/fiancé Jan Gies became good friends with the Franks. When the Franks went into hiding, Miep was one of the people who helped them fram the outside, supplying them with food. After World War II ended, she gave Otto Frank Anne's diary which she recovered from the Secret Annex. She died at the age of 100.
Act I Summary
Act 1 begins with Mr. Frank reading Anne's diary. It later transitions into the past where Anne first got her diary when going into the Secret Annex with her family. Afterwards, Mr. Kraler comes in and asks Mr. Frank is he could let a Jewish dentist named Mr. Dussel join them in the Annex. Mr. Frank agrees and Dussel becomes a resident. At the end of the act, the residents of the Secret Annex celebrate Hanukkah until a thief enters the building and Mr. Frank scares him away. The celebration continues although many of the residents are scared since the theif knows where they are.