How did scientists find about how the aboriginals got to Australia. by thomas mcmullen

They are believed to be descendants of the first group of humans to migrate out of Africa about 60,000 years ago. Being the first humans to arrive in Australia about 50,000 years ago; the aboriginals discovered Australia. They were the first human out How inhabitants of Australia.

this is a picture of two aboriginals hunting

Australia’s oldest human remains were found at Lake Mungo in New South Wales. Mungo man is believed to be around 40,000 years old.

this is a picture of mungo man

The island of the Torres Strait once connected Australia to Papua New Guinea.

this is a picture of the Norman river in Torres strait

Before the arrival of European settlers in 1788, there were about 700 different aboriginal and Torres strait islander groups in Australia. They spoke about 250 different languages.

this is the indigenous tribes

Did you know that the aboriginal people weren’t officially Australian people until 1971?

What is the most populated aboriginal tribe in Australia?

this is Torres strait island

The Australia bureau of statistics estimated the total resident indigenous population to be 458,520 in June 2001 (2.4% of Australia’s total), 90% of whom identified as aboriginal, 6% Torres strait islander and the remaining 4% being Torres strait islander parentage. Torres strait island is the most populated aboriginal tribe.

This is what Torres strait islanders used to wear

The Torres strait islands were the first place in Australia where native title was recognized. Eddie koiki mabo proved that his people had owned mer (Murray island) before it was claimed by the British.

this is eddie koiko mabo

Warraber island in the Torres strait sits on the coral cay, about halfway between Queensland and papa new guinea

this is warraber island

Torres strait islanders are the indigenous people of Torres strait islands, part of Queensland, Australia. They are culturally and genetically Melanesian people, as are the people of papa new Guinea.

this is a volcano in papa new guinea

There are seventeen inhabited islands and two communities located at the tip of cape York that are classified as a part of the Torres strait: The Torres Strait island regional council services 15 island communities.

this is the Torres strait island map

Why did the European settlers come to Australia?

and this is a picture British and the aboriginals

Australia first group of European migrants arrived in January 1788. They came on a fleet consisting of two warships, three supply ships and six ships which carried the main group, almost 800 convicts. Governor Arthur Phillip was in command.

The British brought over 800 convicts and also free settlers to Australia. The convicts that were sent to Australia all had different jobs, the men who had skills were assigned jobs that fitted those skills for men that didn’t have good were sent to fix roads and other jobs. The woman convicts were mostly servants for the free settlers.

When the British came to Australia they brought many diseases including small pox, influenza measles, cow pox, whopping cough, German measles and scarlet fever these diseases have been

this is a girl who has overtime got a disease and cant get up out of bed

proven to be fatal. The British also brought plants, food and animals to Australia. The British introduced a number of different species of animals such as foxes, rabbits and cane toads. These animals threatened the existence of the native animals of Australia. They also brought hundreds of plants to Australia.

this is a British flower called a cache

On 13 May 1787, the First Fleet of 11 ships and about 1530 people (736 convicts, 17 convicts' children, 211 marines, 27 marines' wives, 14 marines' children and about 300 officers and others) under the command of Captain Arthur Phillip set sail for Botany Bay.[8][9] The Fleet of 11 vessels consisted of over a thousand settlers, including 778 convicts (192 women and 586 men).[10] A few days after arrival at Botany Bay the fleet moved to the more suitable Port Jackson where a settlement was established at Sydney Cove on 26 January 1788.[11] This date later became Australia's national day, Australia Day. The colony was formally proclaimed by Governor Phillip on 7 February 1788 at Sydney. Sydney Cove offered a fresh water supply and a safe harbour, which Philip famously described as.

these are the 11 ships

Credits:

Created with images by mertie. - "Aboriginal artwork (Taronga Zoo)"

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