Sickle Cell Disease Lexi aNd CandAce

What is Sickle Cell Disease?

Sickle Cell Disease is a genetic disorder which causes hemoglobin to have a deficiency which then turns the red blood cell to a crescent moon from a round shape. Then causing multiple abnormalities to the body and it's function.

Symptoms

Pain in the Joints like the lower back, limbs, abdomen and chest. Splenic sequestration where the blood clots and causes spleen enlargement. Shortness of breath, Drowsiness, Pale skin, and low oxygen as well as bone marrow in the body.

Causes

Sickle Cell is a blood disorder where the blood has abnormal hemoglobin which is inherited.

Sickle Cell is a mutation of the gene that helps make hemoglobin.

Inheritance

Both parents must have the trait passed down to the offspring in order for the child to obtain the disease other wise they just carry the trait but don't have it.

Both genders CAN have Sickle cell. It's also located on Chromosome 11. The disease is also a recessive trait as are most diseases.

Treatment

Unfortunately while incurable treatments for Sickle Cell Disease include medications, blood transfusions, bone marrow transplants, chemo therapy, and use of vitamins.

Diagnosing the Disease

To diagnose a patient for Sickle Cell patients take a hemoglobin test to check fori Hemoglobin S. This is done by a simple draw of blood from a vein.

How Likely are you to get it?

Sickle Cell Disease is pretty rare. There are fewer than 200,000 cases per year in the US.

African Americans are actually more susptable to this disease estimated to be in 1 of every 500 African Americans.

Credits

  • Hemotology.org
  • Mayo Clinic
  • Genome.gov
  • Medicine.net
  • Evolution.berkeley.edu
  • Harvard University
  • Nation Institute of Health
Created By
Lexi Mercer
Appreciate

Credits:

Created with images by isis325 - "rrr sickle cell anemia" • Viv Caruna - "Sickle cell blood smear" • euthman - "Sickle Cell Anemia" • Viv Caruna - "Sickle cell blood smear"

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