A philosophical theory or approach emphasizing the exisitance of an individual person as a free and responsible agent determining their own development through acts of the will.
- The movement of Existentialism developed within the late 19th and 20th centuries.
- Due to Sartre and associates, such as Simone de Beauvoir, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, and Albert Camus existentialism became a cultural movement- flourishing in Europe.
- Other individuals that came to be influential on the movement include Søren Kierkegaard and Friedrich Nietzsche whom were both philosophers.
- For some, existentialism is seen as only a cultural movement, rather than an 'identifiable' philosophical position.
- Sartre's own ideas and beliefs about existentialism are shown and expressed through the fictional play, "No Exit".
- Existentialisms philosophy focuses on the question of human existence, believing humans define their own meaning of life while attempting to make rational decisions within an irrational universe.