Create-a-Creature Project Raven Newton

Name of Organism

the common name for my sea creative is Squab, because it looks like a squid and a crab in one. the Scientific name for Squab is Leuc Pisci, which means white fish. Squab is a shimmery scaled fish, which almost looks white in the water, thus Luce Pisci became its scientific name.

Ocean Zone and Habitat

Squab lives in the Great Barrier Reef, along the coast of Australia. the ocean zone that Squab lives in is the pelagic zone and euphotic zone. the euphotic zone is between 0-200 meters deep, so Squab doesn't live in a very deep part of the ocean. Squab's habitat has high levels of sunlight, lots of oxygen, warm temperature, and low pressure.

Squab's Home

Physical Traits and Adaptations

One of Squab's most popular traits are their long, colorful tentacles on the rear of his body. This allows Squab to swim around the Great Barrier Reef with ease. millions of years ago, Squab's tentacles and colorful body used to be plain and gray; this made him easy to see to prey and predators. over the years, Squab has adapted from gray tentacles to colorful tentacles to blend in with the very colorful coral reefs. as you can also tell, Squab has several colorful dots on his body. these are actually very sensitive reactors, that are very keen to noticing movement. Squab adapted to having this trait because of his very poor eye sight.

Locomotion

Squab gets his way around the Great Barrier Reef by his many tentacles. Squab's main source of shelter is coral, and he doesn't swim great distances in fear of predators. the only time he journeys out of his safe den is to hunt small creatures on the coral reef floor. Squab moves almost like a jellyfish throughout the coral reef, with speeds usually about five miles per hour.

Respiration

Squab uses its gills to breathe under water. Squab's gills are located on each side of his body, right above his stomach. These gills flutter while breathing, and while flutter are a faster pace when Squab is in danger. Squab doesn't need to go up for air so he is able to breathe fully in his coral reef habitat, away from predators.

Feeding

Squab generally feeds on small animals like starfish, small sea snakes, sponges, and other small species of fish. Squab uses it's famous technique of hiding between the colorful coral that match his tentacles, waiting for it's prey to swim by. as the innocent fish swims by the "coral", Squab wraps its tentacles around it's body before the fish even knew what is going on. Squab's tentacles are extremely strong, and they suffocate the fish in a matter of 50 seconds. after the fish has died, Squab gulps it into his mouth at the front of his body. Squab's use of his tentacles as a capturing mechanism benefits his survival greatly because as you can see, Squab doesn't have very sharp teeth. this leaves him with no ability to attack prey, so Squab's tentacles play a major role in his survival.

the coral that Squab disguises himself in

Reproduction

Squab reproduces sexually with its different genders inside the species. During mating season, males fight each other to win over their women, and sometimes this can be deadly. They use their strong tentacles to sting and suffocate each other, which can cause in one male usually dying. The male that wins the female will mate with her for life, and they will never have to fight for another female again.

Defense Strategies

Squab uses many defense strategies that is necessary to survive in the very populated euphotic zone. If an animal or predator enters the Squab's coral reef den, they will use their tentacles to shove sand into the predators face to steer it away. If this strategy is not accomplished and the predator still comes after Squab, they will use their tentacles to sting their predator until they flee. Some predators that feed on Squab are eels, lobsters, and sea turtles. Whenever Squab is out in the open and doesn't have the protection of his den, the Squab would use its shimmery scales to confuse the predator, which thinks that it is just the reflection of light in the water.

The Moray Eel is the top predator for Squab

Plankton, Nekton, or Benthos

Squab has a nekton lifestyle in the coral reefs because they actively maneuver throughout the water column. Squab usually stay inside their coral den since they are not very big in size and use their disguise technique to catch food, but they swim throughout the coral reefs to gave supplies to build their home and to select a mate.

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