GLUCOSE In your body

WHAT IS GLUCOSE AND WHAT DOES IT DO?

Glucose is a sugar molecule that our cells in our body use to make a cellular energy source also know as ATP. Glucose comes carbohydrates we digest from foods and they are turned into the simple sugar glucose. In the mitochondria of the cell a reaction called glycolysis ( the oxidation of 6 moles of oxygen gas and glucose) will produce six moles of carbon dioxide gas, six moles of liquid water, and ATP molecules the source of energy in the cell.

CHEMICAL FORMULA AND BONDS

Within glucose there are six carbon atoms, twelve hydrogen atoms, and six oxygen molecules.

All the bonds within glucose are covalent because

  • Carbon and hydrogen is a non polar covalent bond (.4)
  • Carbon and oxygen is a polar covalent bond (1.0)
  • Hydrogen and oxygen is a polar covalent bond (1.4)
  • There are no ions in the molecule so not ionic

In this video sugar is blown into a flame which ingites and reacts with the oxygen in the air which expells water vapor and carbon dioxide.( note the sugar is fructose which is a monosaccharide similar to glucose for they both contain the same amount of atoms).

Tooth Enamel

It acts as defense for the sensitive dentin that is teeth underneath. It is an ionic compound that contains

CHEMICAL AND MOLECULAR FORMULA

The molecular formula is 10 calcium, 6 phosphates, and 2 Hydroxides. It is also known as hydroxyapatite.

All the bonds are covalent, except for the bond between calcium and hydrogen, which is ionic.

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