Art of the Dutch Golden Age By Samuel Fesmire
Similarly to Baroque and Roccoco, this painting shows a biblical event, but portrays it with expression and emotion, achieved through detail and shadows. But Paul is depicted not nearly as idealized as many people painted in some Baroque paintings. The general light scheme of this painting is less dark, with some very bright highlights.
The elements of Baroque and Roccoco were often applied to portraits of royalty and nobility for art of the Dutch Golden Age. Similarly to Baroque, the major patrons of art remained to be the wealthy and the royalty. The portrait also demonstrates the lighter and more realistic style that Dutch art had, while at the same time it kept the contrast and emotion of Baroque.
Dutch artists painted scenes from Classical Greek and Roman myths as well as important figures and biblical stories. Here, the artist Peter Paul Rubens paints the four gods Venus, Cupid, Bacchus, and Ceres in great detail. The lighting is brighter, and in stronger contrast with the dark shadow in the background.
Another example of the stronger light/dark contrast in Dutch art is this Rembrandt painting of the mythical water nymphs of Diana. The nymphs are brightly highlighted, emphasizing their godly status, while the two humans further in the woods are more shadowed. The placement of the lighting creates a dramatic aesthetic for the entire painting.
In this painting showing the Greek hero Hercules, collapsed and drunk in the arms of other mythical creatures. Like many other paintings from the Dutch Golden Age, the picture is filled with emotion and mood created through dramatic posing and expression, but has brighter colors and less idealized details.
The Art of the Dutch Golden Age was very similar to the Baroque and Roccoco styles, with it's mix of religious and secular content and it's emotionally charged posing and expression. But the Dutch art tended to portray a wider variety of styles, with more realistic detail and more realistic portrayals of people, and also brighter lighting.