End of World War II By Kaity Jepson 10M

Pearl Harbour

Just before 8a.m. on December 7, 1941. Hundreds of Japanese fighter planes attacked the American naval base at Pearl Harbour near Honolulu, Hawaii. It only lasted for 2 hours but it was devastating. The Japanese managed to destroy nearly 20 American naval vessels, including 8 huge battleships, and more than 300 Air planes. Within the attack, more than 2,000 American soldiers and also sailors died. And another 1,000 were injured. The day after the attack, President Franklin D. Roosevelt asked Congress to declare war on Japan. Three days later, Japanese allies Germany and Italy also declared war on the United States, and again Congress reciprocated. More than 2 years into the conflict, America had finally joined World War 2.

http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/pearl-harbor

Battle of Singapore

The fall of Singapore happened after the attack on Pearl Harbour (8th-15th February 1942). The fall of Singapore to the Japanese Army on February 15th 1942 is considered one of the greatest defeats in the history of the British Army and probably Britain’s worst defeat in World War Two. The fall of Singapore in 1942 clearly illustrated the way Japan was to fight in the Far East – a combination of speed and savagery that only ended with the use of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima in August 1945. The fall of singapore to the Japanese Army on February the 15th 1942, is considered to be one of the greatest military defeats in the history of the British Empire.

http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/world-war-two/the-pacific-war-1941-to-1945/the-fall-of-singapore/

http://kokodahistorical.com.au/history/fall-of-singapore

Atomic Bombs

The decision by the United States to use the atomic bomb against Japan in August 1945 is credited with ending World War 2. Some statistics revolving around the history of the Atomic bombs:

80,000 - People who died instantly in Hiroshima, Japan, on August 6, 1945, when the first ever atomic bomb was used in war. The code name of the uranium-based bomb was "Little Boy."

192,020 - Total number of those killed in Hiroshima, combining those killed instantly and those killed from radiation and other aftermath. The revised total was released at a ceremony on the 50th anniversary of the bombing.

Number of days between the first and second atomic bombs dropped on Japan. On August 9, 1945, "an implosion-model plutonium bomb code-named "Fat Man," was detonated over Nagasaki.

More than 70,000 - Number of people killed instantly in Nagasaki by the bomb.

Number of days after the bombing of Nagasaki that Emperor Hirohito announced Japan's acceptance of the terms of the Postdam Declaration and its unconditional surrender, bringing an end to World War II.

Number of possible targets for the second bombing: Nagasaki and Kokura. Nagasaki was chosen because of the weather.

$2 billion - The approximate cost of research and development of the atomic bomb by the United States, called the "Manhattan Project."

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