Civil Rights Movement By: Maddie Velasquez p.1

1. Emmett Till

Emmett Till was born July 25, 1941, in a middle class area of Chicago, Illinois. In 1955 Till was visiting family in Money, Mississippi. One day Till and some friends had been hanging around town and his friends decided to dare him to holler at the cashier. The cashier was a white female. Till did not back down from this dare. After he did the dare, he didn't think anything would come of it. On the fourth day after the dare early in the morning, the cashiers husband and another man came to Tills' uncles door asking for him. His uncle resisted at first but could not say no, he also didn't know how people acted in the south. The men kidnapped Till and mutilated his body so much, they wrapped barbed wire around his neck and shot him multiple times. Several days later his body was found in a river. To this day, Tills death has been famous and a huge impact to this nation.

2. Lorraine Motel

In April of 1968 Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated in Memphis Tennessee. Towards the ending of Kings movement, he was facing a lot of criticism from black radicals that followed Malcolm X. The night of April 3 King and the SCLC members were called to Memphis to give a speech at the Mason Temple Church which seemed to be known as the foreshadowing. At around 6 p.m the following day, King and his members had been standing on the balcony in front of room 306 when the snipers bullet met is neck. MLK died at the age of 39. Martin Luther Kind Jr. was killed by a man named James Earl Ray. After Kings' death Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act on April 11.

3. Little Rock Central High School

After the Brown v. Board decision was passed as unconstitutional, all schools were to be integrated with both races. When the Little Rock Nine were recruited, they were placed in counseling and classes to help them learn what to expect from the actual school. On September 4, 1957 the group had their first day of school and the Arkansas National Guard blocked the students from entering the school, Eisenhower had them removed 16 days later. The group entered the school for the first time on the 25th. Each of the students received immense amounts of harassment including their families. Brown, one of the students had been expelled from the school for retaliating against the harassment. In the end, Green was the only student to complete high school and receive a diploma.

4. 1967 Loving v. Virginia

In 1967 a case was brought by a interracial couple, black woman Mildred Loving and a white man, Richard Loving. Richard was sent to prison in Virginia because he married Mildred and it violated the Racial Integrity Act of 1924 which prohibited a relationship between a "white" person and a person that identifies as "colored". The Supreme Court had a unanimous vote that it was unconstitutional and overruled all race base restrictions on relationships.

5. Montgomery Bus Boycott

The Montgomery Bus Boycott is a protest in history where African Americans refused to ride buses in Montgomery, Alabama. They protested segregated seating in which it took place from December 5, 1955 to December 20, 1956 and is known as the largest protest against segregation in US history. On December 1, 1955 four days before the protest began, Rosa Parks a African American woman refused to give up her seat to a white man on a Montgomery Bus. She was later fined and arrested. On the day of Parks' court date the protest started, after 381 days the Supreme Court made the state integrate their bus systems. The most known leader of this protest was MLK.

6. Choice: Black Panther Party

The Black Panther Party was a revolutionary black socialist and nationalist party/organization. Founded in 1966 in Oakland, their original intentions were to monitor neighborhoods and protect locals from police brutality. Eventually they began to follow into a Marxist type group that called for the Arming of all African Americans. This led to some crime and illegal activities but still, the Black Panthers were known as one of the most influential movements of the Civil Rights era.

Credits:

Created with images by Image Editor - "14EmmettTillBefore" • cwwycoff1 - "The Lorraine Motel - Memphis, TN-12" • cliff1066™ - "Little Rock Central High School" • Phil Roeder - "Black & White Justice"

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