S - The social structure was divided into two groups, nobles and commoners. There were both serfs and slaves who were at the lower end of the commoner class but had very few to no rights. Commoners were not allowed to own clothes that symbolized nobility. People were put in slavery for committing a crime and were usually sacrificed when their owners died to continue service after death.
P - The Mayans had plazas, palaces, temples and pyramids, as well as courts for playing the ball games that were ritually and politically. The kings, or “kuhul ajaw” (holy lords) were at the top of Mayan society.
I - Mayan city-states were constantly at war. This led the complicated military, family (by marriage) and trade alliances between them to break down, along with the traditional system of dynastic power.
C - The Maya were deeply religious, and worshiped various gods related to nature. The kings, or “kuhul ajaw” claimed to be related to gods and followed a hereditary succession.
E - Economy was largely based on agriculture and trade. There was no common currency so resources or services were used to pay for everyday items.
- Mayans named their children based on the day of their birth
- The last Maya state existed until 1697
- Mayans had over 30 closely related languages and dialects