WHAT to produce?
Should a society direct most of its resources to the production of military equipment or to other items such as food, clothing, or housing.
HOW to produce?
Should a society direct most of its resources in machinery or use less machinery to employ more workers and lower unemployment?
FOR WHOM to produce?
Once a society decides what to produce and how to produce it, they must decide who is going to get it and who is going to share in what is produced.