canine nutrients by steven bassett

digestive process

a dog degstive systems is not the same as a humans but their close.

step one- Mouth

Dogs' mouths are designed to bite off and chew large pieces and to eat quickly

step two- Esophagus to Stomach

this is were the food passes through the esophagus on its way to the stomach.

step three-Stomach to Small Intestine

After food has been processed in the stomach with the aid of the hydrochloric acid, it then passes through to the small intestine in the form of liquid. This is where the main part of the digestion occurs and where the food is assimilated into nutrients for the dog body.\

step four- Small Intestine to Large Intestine

From the small intestine, the unassisted food passes through to the large intestine. The large intestine is the last stop before the waste is passed through rectum in the form of feces.


  • 75 % of the weight of an animal’s body Amount needed is relative to activity, lactation, gestation


carbon provides about 75% of an animals diet. starch is found in gain, root crop. fiber is a material left after the food has been digested.

  • Primary carbs in pet foods:
  • Starch(plant cell contents)
  • Fiber(plant cell walls)
  • Carbs are
  • 1/3 of canned food
  • 2/3 in dry pet foods


  • Fats supply energy for normal body maintenance
  • Most lipids are fats or oils that contain the highest amount of energy: 2.25 times more than carbs
  • Benefits of fats in pet food diets:
  • Provides a concentrated source of energy is Provide fatty acids


  • Nutrient needed to grow new tissue and repair old tissue
  • important for weight gain, growth, and gestation
  • Contains amino acids (building blocks of proteins)
  • 23 in protein and 10 essential. 10 essential amino acids used to make the other amino acids the body needs Maurine and only Present only in animal tissues-red meat, poultry, fish.


inorganic element which is Essential in diets (ex: Skeletal growth), Macrominerals needed in large amounts, Microminerals (trace minerals) needed in smaller amounts


  • organic elements
  • help the body turn food into energy and tissues
  • fat soluble,water soluble
  • Fat Soluble stored in the fat and released as they are needed by the body and Not urinated out also water soluble dissolved by water and need to be consumed every day and becomes c and b vitamins
Created By
Steven Bassett


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