Lagos jonah and thomas

  • 10,000-13,000 metric tons of waste per day with only 13% being recycled
  • Less than 40% of waste is collected
  • Awards for households that recycle--can be redeemed for cash, electronics, household items, and training classes--sold to larger companies for mattress and pillow stuffing production
  • Lagos State Waste Management Authority: tries to harness energy from waste (methane); wants people to stop dumpster diving (Wecyclers)--low income households sign up to separate recyclables
  • Largest landfill in Africa (100 acres): 500 container shipments per day; doused with chemicals to reduce toxic fumes; surrounded by commercial and residential areas
  • Problem: trash left on streets spreads diseases and clogs drains (causes flooding)
  • Plans for the future: expand every operation with growing population
  • 80% of households rely on diesel: results in air quality problems and increased risk of respiratory disease
  • Carbon emissions growing: minimal renewable enrgy
  • Potential plans for the future: offshore wind, natural gas transportation, energy efficient appliance endorsement, building regulations, and offshore gas
  • Plan for 2030: 100% access to electricity; 20% renewable energy; education programs for conservation; investment in sustainable energy (need $14-33 billion)
  • Only 10% of water is from government: 81% clean; most people use sachet water from street vendors who purify it with polyethylene pouches
  • Problems: Raw lagoon water is polluted: government water comes from Ogun and Owo Rivers; people don't trust tap water; sachet and well water usually gets contaminated (sewage)
  • Plan for the future: expand water supply facilities, transportation and distribution; fight against privatization of water supply
  • Air: poor roads and under-utilized waterways--terrible traffic and fumes; no emissions regulations; diesel generators cause smog because--electricity is the main issue
  • Water: 350 million gallons of wastewater daily; poorly constructed septic tanks; drains empty out into channels; off-brand drinking water wells are polluted by septic tanks
  • Plans for the future: no plan for reducing traffic; need to fix transportation and electrical sysem
  • Population: estimated 21 million
  • Population momentum: new development on coast (Victoria Island)--expect 400,000 residents
  • Lagos Port Complex, located in Apapa, serves both Lagos and western Nigeria
  • Tin Can Island Port is technically a single port, but it’s made up of the facilities at Roro as well as Tin Can Island and was only combined in 2006. Near Lagos Port complex, it’s more of an African based port
  • Calabar Port is located in the southeast corner of the country in Cross River State, Calabar is the home of the Eastern Naval Command of the Nigerian Navy. Port facilities are located 55 nautical miles up the Calabar River
  • All are overseen by the NPA (Nigerian Port Authority) but Lagos Port Complex has historically been less heavily guarded and surveyed than the other two.

There are parts of the city that are very nice, akin to Dubai, another oil rich city.

Other parts less so.

○ I (Jonah) am going into architecture, and so I’m naturally drawn to ideas and groups like Future Cape Town. It’s attractive, it’d serve as a tourist attraction, it’d serve as a way of reinventing the water and connecting people with it in a meaningful way, but, though I think entirely possible within less than a decade, it’s not what is needed most.

Obviously it’s difficult to sum up an entire city of this scale and so I want to be careful in saying, some of it doesn’t have any more of a problem than any in the first world. There are parts of the city that are more akin to Dubai than Aleppo, but at a macrolevel, we must define the success or failure of a city on how, in an aggregate sense, its citizens live. The city is, under that definition, failing well over the 60% of its citizens living in extreme poverty. I’m no communist, and I’m revolutionary either, but if the city is truly to prosper in the years to come, land rights must reverted back to the people living on it. Without doing that, any investments made in the short or long term on that land will not have the intended effect of helping the people living there, but will force them off of the land when the owners want those systems for themselves. This will, in the end, force those living there into even more extreme poverty and even longer commutes to jobs within the city center or, more likely, the loss of those jobs.

Once land tenure is achieved, and by no means would I pretend that’s something attainable in the next few years or even decades for that matter without a very serious change, only then will the people living in the slums of the city be able to focus on more long term issues like the potential of smog, of the use of diesel and education needs. A hungry student, a homeless student, a thirsty student or a sick student cannot succeed regardless of the teacher and textbook.

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