Birmingham Riots Birmingham, Alabama 1963

The Birmingham Riots were started in Birmingham, Alabama in 1963. African Americans felt unequal and racial injustice compared to whites. In Birmingham, there was total segregation such as "blacks only" and "whites only" signs throughout. Before the Birmingham Riots broke out, it was started by non-violent protests at restaurants in sections for "whites only".

The goal of the riots were to end racial segregation in Birmingham. Colored people wanted equality and desegregation in restaurants, public services, schools, businesses, and also easier allowance to vote.
One very well known man was involved in the Birmingham Riots, also known as Martin Luther King Jr. He was involved by declaring during a speech that the U.S. Army should turn to Birmingham and fix the cities problems. Later, he was arrested for violating the anti-protest injunction and was kept in solitary confinement. Others that were involved were citizens of Birmingham and police and other city council members.

This video shows pictures through the time and captures main ideas from the riots and movement.

People involved in the riots were struggling with many obstacles such as bombings, abuse from whites & police officers, and also being arrested. They overcame these struggles by standing together and fighting for their rights.

The Birmingham Riots of 1963 led to the advancement of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. This outlawed segregation based on color, race, religion, sex, or national origin. The riots led up to this because of all the publicity of these protests which caused President John F. Kennedy to propose the Civil Rights legislation which was then finalized into the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

In many ways, the Black Lives Matter protest are very similar to the Birmingham Riots because today, you are seeing colored people fight for equality . During the Black Lives Matter protests, people are non-violently protesting and reaching their voices out for them to be heard and have situations changed, or equality for all races. These protests are very alike because they both struggle with harsh realities such as being arrested, and others forcing actions of violence.

Bibliography

Birmingham Campaign of 1963. (n.d.). Retrieved April 24, 2017, from http://www.encyclopediaofalabama.org/article/h-1358

Birmingham Campaign (1963). (n.d.). Retrieved April 21, 2017, from http://kingencyclopedia.stanford.edu/encyclopedia/encyclopedia/enc_birmingham_campaign/

The Birmingham Campaign. (n.d.). Retrieved April 24, 2017, from http://www.pbs.org/black-culture/explore/civil-rights-movement-birmingham-campaign/?scrlybrkr=b01d0f54#.WP9OyNArKWc

1963 Birmingham Church Bombing Fast Facts. (2016, August 03). Retrieved April 22, 2017, from http://www.cnn.com/2013/06/13/us/1963-birmingham-church-bombing-fast-facts/?scrlybrkr=4a1fd80b

(2013, June 17). Retrieved April 23, 2017, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hCxE6i_SzoQ&pbjreload=10

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