The religion of Islam was founded in the city known as Mecca, which is today part of the country known as Saudi Arabia. This was significant because this is where Muhammad was born and died (Muhammad is known as the Islamic Messiah). According to the Islamic religion, it is believed that Muhammad's first revelation was an event in which Muhammad was visited by archangel Gabriel in 610 C.E. It is said to have taken place in a cave called Hira, located on a mountain called Jabal an-Nour.
There are many similarities between the Islamic Faith and the other two monotheistic religions such as Judaism and Christianity. Here are a few connections between them:
- Islam acknowledges Jesus Christ just as Christianity does
- Islam incorporates the New and Old testimates in their Holy book known as the Quran
- Judaism, Christianity, and Islam all believe that there is only one God, and are the only monotheistic religions today
- Both Christianity and Islam incorporate the afterlife into their teachings, however the ideas of the afterlife differ in the religion of Judaism from each of the different groups part of this religion.
People of the Islamic faith places of worship vary, but normally they pray East (Towards Mecca) and gather in what is called a Mosque.
This is a picture of a Mosque, which is the Islamic place of worship.
The two major branches of the Islamic faith are the Sunni and Shia. The Sunni and Shia agree on the basic principles of Islam, but disagree on the Caliph (the person who leads their religion after Muhammad dies). The majority (85%) of the worlds Muslims (1.5 billion) are Sunni. Sunni Muslims tend to live in countries like Turkey, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Malaysia, and Indonesia. Countries like Iran, Iraq, and Bahrain largely consist of Shia Muslims.
- Islamic Holidays with dates(2017):
- Islamic New Year-September 21, 2017
- Ashura-November 9, 2017
- Ramadan-May 26, 2017 until June 25, 2017
- (Many more)
This is the inside of a Mosque. The interior look is similar to that of Christian Churches and the purpose is also very similar.
This symbol o generally is used to describe the Islamic community as a whole, but historians say that the symbol actually originated in the Ottoman Empire.
This symbol actually means Allah (God) in Arabic, and is generally associated with the Islamic God known as Allah.