Designing with Materials Hall moore

Elements cut-out reflection

While creating my cut-out, I took a longer route in my process. I planned out several designs but ended up combining several of my plans in to one. This made it more challenging to keep it balanced but it worked well in the long run. I used a variety of shapes on both sides of my piece which ended up balancing everything out.

For the most part I used geometric shapes but I did use a few organic shapes which provided more variety. I used geometric shapes ranging from triangles to circles. But like I mentioned, I used organic shapes, such as a wave and bird wings. This added to my craftsmanship.

The principle I mainly focused on during this project was balance because that was the goal; to create a balanced collage. I also made sure I created a great point of emphasis and that is the part of the design that catches the viewer’s attention, which is the red dot. To create a successful collage movement was very important. It is the path the viewer’s eye takes through the work of art and in my case I had it lead to the point of emphasis. I also had a pattern of triangles all over the piece. I used repetition with the organic shape of bird wings which lead to my point of emphasis. Proportion came in to play when I used some different sizes of shapes all over the piece. Rhythm is created when one or more elements of design are used repeatedly to create a feeling of organized movement. I created rhythm with a variety of shapes. Even though I used a variety of shapes and sizes, my collage still consisted of an overall unity.

In order create a successful collage I had to create my piece with care and thought. I planned out my whole process as well as my design. The most difficult part for me was cutting. I took my time with the cutting just so I could make sure my craftsmanship was good. I also did a solid job with the rubber cement.

The rule of thirds is very important when creating a good piece of art. That is why I positioned my point of emphasis in the bottom third of my collage. Staying on the topic of the point of emphasis, I chose red as my color. Red is the most appealing color according to several studies. It also looks great with black and white. It was very successful in creating a point of emphasis.

Mix Media Piece


Abstract: A style of art that is not realistic. Unusual lines, colors, and shapes make the subject look unrealistic. It is often characterized by the use of geometric lines and shapes and bold, bright colors

Acrylics: Quick drying, plastic polymer pigment used with water.

Additives: The process of adding or joining parts and/or visual elements together to create a painting, collage or sculpture (as opposed to subtractive).

Background: The part of the picture plane that seems to be farthest from the viewer.

Foreground: Part of a two-dimensional artwork that appears to be nearer the viewer or in the “front” of the image. Middle ground and background are the parts of the picture that appear to be farther and farthest away.

Intensity: Also called chroma or saturation; refers to the brightness of a color (a color is full in intensity only when in its pure form and unmixed). Color intensity can be changed by adding black, white, gray or an opposite color on the color wheel.

Middle Ground: Area of a two-dimensional work of art between the foreground (closest to the front) and background (furthest receded).

Mixed Media: An artwork in which more than one type of art material is used.

Nonobjective: Having no recognizable object or subject; also, nonrepresentational.

Watercolor: A transparent pigment used with water. Paintings done with this medium are known as watercolors.

Describe your background, middle ground, and foreground?

The background of my piece is seen in the pictures below with the watercolor paint. The tape and wax helped create the pattern to my background. The middle ground in the mixed media piece is the screen printing we did. I used two different screens to create my middle ground. And the foreground was created by the dribble paint and the zentangling.

These were the first few steps to our mixed media piece.

What was the hardest thing about the layering process, and what techniques did you use?

All the painting gave me trouble. The water color, the dribble paint, and even the acrylic gave me trouble. It was difficult to get a good fade with the water color and then I had trouble creating the paint brush. I also found it hard to get the dribble paint to come out how I wanted.

What did you learn about layering process (background, middle ground, foreground)?

I learned that you need to plan out your whole project before just jumping into one layer. Also I found that you can fix errors if you make them early on in the layering process. You can do so by layering right over your error.

What do you wish you would have learned or understood about the process before you started your mixed media piece?

I wish I would've known how to plan out my piece better. I wish I would have experience with all the different types of paint and how they turned out once they dried. I also would have liked to know how well the resistant techniques worked.

If you did it over again what would you do differently?

I would have taken more time on the screen press. I also would have probably picked a different screen rather than the leaf pattern. It didn't turn out the way I had hoped. Overall I was very pleased with how it turned out though.

And then the final steps.

Lino Cuts


Contour: The outline of a shape.

Cross Hatching: A method of showing value by using parallel lines at different angles that get darker as they are drawn closer together.

Focal Point: The area in a work of art that an artist emphasizes.

Horizon Line: In an artwork, the line where the ground and sky appear to meet.

Monochromatic: A color scheme using only tints and shades of a single color.

Monoprint: A print made from a plate that can be used only once.

Neutrals: A word used for black, white, and tints and shades of gray. (Some artists use tints and shades of brown as neutrals.)

Plate: In printmaking, a piece of flat material, such as wood or metal, with a design on the surface. The plate is used to print the design.

Print: An artwork created by making an impression of a design.

Print making: The transference of an image from one surface (plate or block) to another (usually paper) with ink. The process of making one or more prints.

Relief Printing: A print made by covering a printing block with ink or paint and pressing paper onto the block. The areas or lines gouged out do not print. (Examples: woodcut, block print, linocut, styrofoam plate, etc.

How did you decide upon your imagery?

I decided what I wanted to do with my design after I sketched up a few ideas. I wanted several different shapes involved in my piece. Another thing I decided on was that I wanted straight lines as well as curved lines.

Did any artist influence your design? How is your design original?

I don't think any particular artist influenced me. I would say that clothing influenced me in making this design. For instance some of the shapes I put on my plate are seen often in clothing. Because of this my design is very original. I combined patterns and shapes I have seen throughout my life and carved them onto a plate.

Why did you make the color decisions that you did?

I chose these colors because they go very well together. They pop and clash the perfect amount. The colors catch the viewers attention but at the same time they're not too flashy.

Would you make any changes?

If I were to do this project again I would change a few things. The first thing is I would choose more colors for the paper part. Also I would have tried harder on the actual print part. My design didn't come out on the final as well as I was hoping.

Which linocut technique do you prefer?

I liked the reduction technique because this is where you could fix something you didn't love on your plate. While you were cutting off some of your design it still felt like you could be creative with the reduction. You could almost add more with this technique.

This was the plate process
This was the printing part.



Chroma: The purity of a color or its freedom from white or gray.

Color relationships: Also called color schemes or harmonies. The relationships of colors on the color wheel. Basic color schemes include monochromatic, analogous, and complementary.

Color Wheel: A circular diagram of the spectrum used to show the relationships between the colors.

Contrast: The differences in elements, opposites.

Emphasis: The significance or importance given to an element of design.

Movement: Visual flow through the composition.

Pattern: Repeated colors, lines, shapes, or textures in an artwork. Pattern is a principal of design. Also, a plan or model to be followed when making something.

Repetition: Repetition refers to one object or shape repeated.

Rhythm: The repeating of one or several elements to create movement.

Tint: A color such as pink that is created by mixing a hue with white. Also, a light value of a color.

Tjanting: A tool used in creating batik patterns. (Batik is a wax resist decorative technique used on fabric.) They hold and dispense hot wax in such a way that the artist can control the pattern laid down by the wax with a great deal of precision.

Triad: The three color scheme on the color wheel based on a logical relationship.

Value: The element of art that describes the lightness or darkness of a hue.

What was your color order? I started off with white and I worked my way all the way to purple. I went from white to yellow to orange to red to purple.

What was the hardest thing about the batik process? The hardest thing for me was keeping the wax small and skinny when I was putting it on to my cloth. I found myself going out of the lines a little bit.

What did you learn about color mixing with your batik? I learned how to make a good contrast in my work. I also really got to understand the meaning of mixing warm and cool colors.

What do you wish you would have learned or understood about the process before you started your batik? I wish I would have understood that it will be difficult to stay in the lines and keep your wax under great control.

If you did it over again what would you do differently? If I did this project again I would try some new colors. I liked the colors I used but I think it would be cool to try and create a big contrast in colors.

Silk Painting


Analogous Colors: Colors that appear next to each other on the color wheel. Analagous colors have one hue in common. For example, blue, blue-green, and blue-violet all contain blue. Also called related colors.

Color: The visual sensation dependent on the reflection or absorption of light from a given surface. An element of art made up of three distinct qualities: hue, intensity, and value.

Complementary Colors: Colors that contrast with one another. Complementary colors are opposite one another on the color wheel.

Cool Colors: The family of colors that includes greens, blues, and violets. Cool colors bring to mind cool things, places, and feelings.

Gutta Resist: Prevents dye from reaching the fabric; it resists the dye.

Intermediate: Colors that are a mixture of a primary and a secondary color. Blue-green, red-orange, and red-violet are examples of intermediate colors.

Primary Colors: Colors that are mixed to make all other colors. The primary colors are red, yellow, and blue.

Secondary Colors: A color made by mixing two primary colors. An equal mixture of primary colors. The secondary colors are green, violet, and orange.

Warm Colors: The family of colors that includes reds, yellows, and oranges. Warm colors bring to mind warm things, places, and feelings.

How is the word that you chose (if it is not your name) relevant to you? I chose to use my initials. I thought they offered a cool way to show my artistic ability with graffiti.

How is the imagery (the symbols, designs, and/or pictures around your word) relevant? I thought my design was very creative. I created an eye and the pupil is my middle initial, H.

What color scheme did you choose? Why? I chose a mix of cool and warm colors. Mostly Cool colors though. I liked the way the colors clashed with each other.

What part of the project did you excel in? What part of the project posed a challenge? I excelled in the designing part of this project. I struggled with keeping the paints in the lines.



Description: Description is identifying the literal qualities or realistic presentation of subject matter, along with the elements of art found. It demands only the facts of what can be seen, often in one or more works of art; and partly two or more works can be described by comparing them to each other.

Design: A plan, or to plan. The organization or composition of a work; the skilled arrangement of its parts. An effective design is one in which the elements of art and principles of design have been combined to achieve an overall sense of unity.

Dominance: The part of a composition that is emphasized, has the greatest visual weight, the most important, powerful, or has the most influence. A certain color can be dominant, and so can an object,line, shape, or texture.

Form: The element of art that refers to an object with three-dimensions (height, width, and depth) and encloses volume.

Hue: The colors name. Example: red

Proportion: The relation of one thing to another with respect to size and placement.

Variety: The combination of elements or art, such as line, shape, or color, in an artwork. Variety is a principle of design.

What colors did you choose for your pendant? I chose a teal color, yellow and baby blue.

What did you learn about the glass melting after you fired it? Did it change? The glass just fused together to make a smooth feel. All the pieces melted to make it one solid piece.

What was the hardest part about the making process? Cutting the glass was the hardest part. Cutting perfect straight lines specifically.

Who is going to receive your glass pendant? My mom for a christmas present.

Created By
Richard Moore

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