SHINTO : religion, belief that involves respect of the nature and its elements. They can all be deities, for example a stone, or a tree, and believers go to the Shinto temples to pray, do sport or give offreings. The main idea is that we all have a place in the universe, because we are all part of the same whole. It is the main religion in Japan, and those temples are very famous. They are mostly red.
BUDDHISM : the other important religion in Japan. It comes from hinduism, and includes a single god : Buddha, who found the enlightment. The believers have to find it too, and must act depending on the karma : the concept that life is a cycle, and that you get what you "deserve".
The TRADITIONAL KIMONOS
Last but not least : SOCIAL BEHAVIOR
In Japan, the society is seen as a whole and people are only a part of it. We all have our own place in the group, and we have to respect it. There is a lot of pressure because we have to do our best, to be as good as possible, at least in our professionnal life. People must be efficient and respect their engagement. The implicit rules are stricts and it can also be one of the reason why people are smoking a lot in Japan : in order to support that pressure.
SUICIDE IN JAPAN
Japan is one of the country where the suicide rate is the higher. There are many explanations, but what is different in the case of this country is that the japanese culture does not consider suicide as we do in western countries. Plus, they have to face more pressure, due to their way of living, and especially working : more expectations from people, more responsibilities, ...
Mostly seen as a sin in our countries, in Japan, it is seen as a "way of taking responsibility", as the pyschologist Wataru Nishida explains. For example, centuries ago, samurais used to kill themselves when they did not respect their words, or their leader. If they gave up a battle, they had to kill themselves with their own weapon to show their loyalty. Nowadays, it is still a brave and respectful decision.
- The Japan’s overall suicide rate is 60 percent higher than the global average.
- In 2014,there were around 25 000 Japanese suicides — roughly 70 suicides every day.
In order to aware children, an organization has decided to create posters to put in schools. Financed by a crowdfounding campaign, the organization needed 1 million Yens to create, print and distribute the posters. There are actually two posters, and they are expected to be printed in 20 000 copies and distributed in public elementary, junior high and high schools in Tokyo.
As quoted in the article, we discover that children are interested and had an attentive look at the posters in their schools : "I was sad to hear that students who moved from Fukushima Prefecture because of the nuclear accident were bullied" said a young girl. It has been the case for a lot of children coming from Fukushima, who have not been accepted by their classmates. Another one replied "If I see a bullied kid, I want to make friends with them and support them."
So it is a positive message of hope that we find in the article, proving that children suicides in Japan are not forgotten or ignored. People finally decided to react and the initiative had a good impact on the children. Even if bullying is not going to disappear in one day, it is a first step in that long fight against inequalities and bad behavior in japanese schools.
(because I am not all-knowing)