Fairy Tales of the World Spain

Geography

Location

Spain is located in Eastern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. Spain shares this peninsula with it's neighbor Portugal, but takes up about three fourths of the land. In addition to the mainland, Spain controls the Canary Islands, which lie off of the coast of Morocco, and the Balearic Islands which is an archipelago to the east of mainland Spain.

Climate

Spain consist of many different climates that vary from region to region. The Northern Coastal region has a very cool and humid climate, the central plateau has cold winters with hot summers, and the Levante, a region along the southeastern coast, has a mild climate with the exception of its extremely hot summers.

Physical Characteristics

The Pyrenees Mountains in Spain
The Tagus River, the longest river in Spain.

Spain has a wide variety of landforms and is home to five topographic regions, and many mountain ranges. Spain's six major mountain ranges are the Cordillera Cantábrica, Sierra Moreña, Montes de Toledo, Serranías Penibéticas, the Sistema Ibérico, and the Pyrenees (pictured here). Spain also lays claim to two island chains outside of Spain, the Canary Islands and the Balearic Islands. Pico de Teide, Spain's tallest mountain, is located in Tenerife, the largest island in the Canaries. Monte Mulhacén is the tallest mountain in continental Spain, and is a part of the Serranías Penibéticas. In addition to a variety of mountain ranges, Spain is also home many valleys and many rivers. The Duero, Tagus, Guadalquivir, Guadiana, and Ebro rivers are Spain's major rivers, with the Tagus being the longest.

population

In 2011, Spain had a population of 46,754,784 people, and has stayed in the 46 million person range since then.

Culture

Customs and traditions

Spain is home to one of the most open cultures in the world. Friends in Spain greet each other with two kisses, and if two people are new to each other, then they will greet each other with a hug. Fiestas, or parties, are very common practices in Spain and are a large part of Spanish culture. In addition to fiestas, the large Christian population of Spain celebrates Holy Week, the holiest week in Christianity consisting of Maundy Thursday, Good Friday, Holy Saturday, and Easter Sunday.

Religion

Spain has been dominated by Christianity, more specifically the Roman Catholic Church, for most of its history. A 2010 report found that 73.2% of the Spanish population is Catholic, but that 53.1% do not regularly attend Mass on Sundays. That report also found that 10% more of the Spanish population is made up of the rest of the denominations of Christianity. Muslims, Hindus, Jews, Buddhists, and Baha'is make up less than ten percent of Spain's religious population.

Language

An example of Valencian, which is spoken in Valencia, Spain.

Spanish is Spain's national language, but many different dialects of it are spoken around the country. The major Spanish dialects in Spain are Castilian, which is spoken by about 74% of the population, Catalan, Basque, Galician, Valencian, and Bable. Each dialect is spoken in a different part of Spain, for example, Valencian is spoken in Valencia, Spain, and Galacian in Galacia.

food

Typical Spanish tapas

Spanish food is very reflective on the culture of Spain and the most available food sources. Along Spain's coast seafood is a major staple because the people there have very easy access to all sorts of fish and other seafoods. Another staple in Spain is tapas, which are many appetizer-sized portions that make up a large meal. Churros, another Spanish invention, are long pastries that are covered with cinnamon, and sometimes served with melted chocolate. Another aspect of food that is very important in Spain is alcohol, more importantly wine. Almost every region in Spain produces wine, and it is widely drunk throughout the country. Another popular drink is beer, cerveza in Spanish, which is served at many tapas bars with food.

Don Demonio's Mother-in-law

no known author (Originated in Spain)

SYnopsis

Don Demonio is the most handsome man in town. Strangely, he never steps foot near a church, he always wears a draped cap over his head, and he is not scared of the town's most feared person, Tia Pía. When he marries Tia Pía's daughter Pánfila, she soon becomes suspicious, and devises a plan that catches the Devil himself in a bottle! Ten years after she buries him under the snow on the top of a mountain, a curious soldier comes along, what will the Devil do to escape the bottle?

Typical Characteristics

Special beginning

This fairy tale begins with 'once upon a time'

Good character

The good character in this story is Ricardo. "Now there passed through the village of La Zubia a gallant soldier whose name was Ricardo."

Evil Character

Don Demonio, the Devil himself, is the evil character in this story. "[Don Demonio] summed his own form with the tail and the horns that we rightfully his."

Royalty and/or castle

The king and princess Blanca were royalty, and they both lived in a palace. "My heart's desire is the king's youngest daughter, the lovely Princess Blanca." "Finally Ricardo presented himself at the palace."

Magic use/something magical

The Devil (Don Demonio) uses dark powers to inflict the strange sickness upon the princess, and the same magic to make her better when Ricardo gets there. "[Don Demonio] proposed to bewitch the princess with a strange illness."

Problem/Solution

When Don Demonio bewitches the princess, he tells Ricardo that he will be the only one to heal her, and when he does, he will have her hand in marriage. "I will see that the king, in desperation, offers her hand in marriage to whoever rids her of her trouble."

3s or 7s

There are no examples of 3s or 7s in this story, but the importance of the couple is quite significance, seeing how there are usually two characters being focused on at any one point in the story.

Connection to Spain

This story can be easily identified in many ways as coming from Spain. The first, and most obvious, fact that gives away the setting is that Monte Mulhacén is referenced in the story as "the tallest mountain in Spain." Another aspect of the story that gives clues to its origin is the profuse usage of Spanish names and words in the story. The last way that this could be connected to Spain is the religious implications it has. Since an extremely large portion of Spain's population is Christian, and has been for a long time, this story could be drawn back to Spain due to the portrayal of the devil, and the many references to churches throughout the story.

The end

Created By
Z Gardner
Appreciate

Credits:

Created with images by nathanh100 - "Flag of Spain, Undated" • TuRbO_J - "Spain - 2015 Trip!" • jackmac34 - "france pyrénées béarn" • trioptikmal - "Tagus River" • jareed - "Crucifix" • SarahB- - "Valencian Horchateria" • Grey World - "Bar tapas in Murcia" • steveczajka - "Once upon a time" • Jorge Franganillo - "Massís del Pedraforca" • rodrigomezs - "Castillo Manzanares el Real" • steveczajka - "Once upon a time" • arsheffield - "Conquistador" • zdenet - "mikuláš devil portrait" • www.twin-loc.fr - "https://www.twin-loc.fr Nasride Palace - La Alhambra de Granada Spain Andalousia - Picture Image Photography - By night reflections" • jackmac34 - "church bell tower bells" "Spain." Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations, edited by Timothy L. Gall, et al., 6th ed., UXL, 2012. Student Resources in Context "Spain." Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations, edited by Timothy L. Gall and Derek M. Gleason, 13th ed., Gale, 2012. Student Resources in Context World Book, Inc. The World Book Encyclopedia, vol. 18. Chicago, IL, World Book Inc., 2006. Gall, L. Timothy, and Jeneen M. Hobby. Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations, Twelfth Edition. Farmington Hills, MI, Thomson Gale, 2007.

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