Jim Crow laws were laws that separated most things from whites and colored people. Public places were a major part of the diverse society. Black people could not frequent parks maintained by the city for white people. It was also illegal for a white person to go to any park that was maintained by the city for colored people.
Usually restaurants had an entrance for colored people and one for white people. White and Colored people could not eat in the same room, and if the restaurant only had one room. There would have to be a seven foot wall or higher (from the floor up) in between them. When serving beer or wine, waiters would be assigned to only serve White or colored people they could not wait on both simultaneously.
The Great Depression
The Great Depression was when the stock market had crashed, it was the worst ecomnic Depression in US history. It started right after World War 1. Many people call it the roaring twenties. President Franklin D. Rosovelt started the New Deal, which was an economic recovery plan. During the Great Depression blacks were still under the Jim Crow Laws, so they had an even harder time getting food or shelter than any white man did. The Great Depression also affected the characters in our book, their father is always away trying to make money by laying down rail road tracks so that hey can pay off the land that they live on. It is important for them too pay off the land because it is hard for black people to get that much land.