The Boycott and the repressive border By Justin Orosz

What lead to this event Happening?

On May 17, 1954, Brown versus Board was passed and the whole of the U.S. was forced to integrate african americans into schools with white children; setting aside segregation entirely. This would send shockwaves echoing throughout the U.S., especially in the south, where it was met with extreme forms of rejection and harsh resentment. With the case ruling that “segregated but equal” schools were nothing but equal, prompted the rise of many hate crimes and white boycotts in the south as well as the rest of the U.S. With this ruling coming to fruition, the milford district decided to move immediately to desegregate their schools causing horrendous panic among the white community over the few african american students who were allowed into the districts to apply.

When and where did it occur?

This happened to occur in 1954, in milford Delaware. The boycott lasted from possibly September 26 all the way to October 1 when segregation was finally put back into use in the area.

What was the event trying to accomplish?

These white people intended to continue with the use of their segregational system of schooling and deeply feared as well as resented the idea of desegregation or integration with what they considered to be lesser races. They wanted completely separate schools and any avoidance at all costs of any inter-racial mixing in their community or educational system. Their message basically said, you stay on your side of the community and i’ll stay on this side, now keep to your designated side.

On the other hand, the few African American students hoped to successfully integrate or introduce these schools to integration with great strides and little conflict to be instigated.

Demographics (what type of people were involved)?

There was the large purely white community who prompted immediate change and suspension of integration as well as there being eleven african american students who were sent into one or another district to attend for tenth grade in the fall semester.

What important people were involved in this event and how did they impact the event?

The governor had to get into the situation and find a middle ground or a quick solution, he was the one who had to collapse back into the majority ruling of the white community who wanted these black students to leave as well as have the desegregation policy suspended or ignored for a time despite him probably being the one who tried to put it into action in the first place. Another important figure was from the National Association of the Advancement of White People which organized to be in Milford Delaware by Bryant Bowles which was where the boycott plan was developed with the white community in hand as they organized extensively.

what kinds of obstacles were these groups facing?
Here are two separate letters objecting to the use of integration and up holding the "SUPERIOR" segregated system or objecting to the governors rash proposal or race mixing. The photo, top right, depicts the NAAWP a massing concern among the community or people who attended.

The leaders, so to speak, in the community who tried to enact the law were pushed into a corner with the larger white populace coming in to make a big show with their white response of boycotting the schools themselves. The bigoted populace were determined to keep them from putting Brown v. Board decisions into action at any and all costs.

In the top left, far right and right, are letters in response to the integration proposal as well as enactment upon which they thanked governor briggs, bottom right, extensively from many view points.

How did they overcome these obstacles?

In the end, they did not really get to overcome these obstacles as they later decided to coincide with the majority decision instead of the supreme court's word. It wasn’t until many years later, in 1965, did they try integration once again to successful results with staying power for years to come.

Outcome/Lasting impact of the event?

Even though, I didn’t seem to find any information on the lasting effects or impacts that are still with us today, It is still something they probably teach in that communities schools and emphasize the message or bigoted ignorance that people have to go through to finally get a message across; especially one with staying power.

Modern Inequality?

The depicts an interview with a muslim woman who has been rejected entrance to the U.S. border because she herself was a muslim or held similar red flag characteristics.

As of 2017, there was or are occurrences of separate but similar events at the American/Canadian border where muslims have been screened and later refused access to the U.S. They were asked for certain political opinions, what their religion was, and had their phones taken away before a complete refusal of access. Just as the eleven african american students were sized up for who they are by what they looked like, so were these woman by what they believed in. Both were refused entry to places they had a right to enter, but were quickly pushed back because of fear and even possibly prejudice.

Works Cited:

CBS (n.d.). CBS Evening News Video - Canadian Muslims denied entry - CBS.com. CBS. Retrieved from http://www.cbs.com/shows/person_of_interest/video/Q2088OB9u_eeCoR4yPnltt13KvbWdKOV/canadian-muslims-denied-entry-at-u-s-border/?scrlybrkr=1f012030

Brian Duignan (n.d.). Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka -- Britannica School. School.eb.com.proxy.elm4you.org. Retrieved from http://school.eb.com.proxy.elm4you.org/levels/high/article/Brown-v-Board-of-Education-of-Topeka/16710

N.a (n.d.). State of Delaware - Delaware Public Archives - Brown v. Board. Archives.delaware.gov. Retrieved from http://archives.delaware.gov/aahm/index_brown.shtml

Created By
Justin Orosz
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