Artemisia Gentileschi by: Scout O'Neil

Biography

Artemisia was born in Rome and she lived there most of her life. Her father was a master painter and he taught her how to paint but he got her a tutor named Agostino Tassi to teach her perspective.

Tassi was a married man who preyed on Artemisia who was just a teenager because she thought they were to be married if she went along. When they figured out he was married her father brought him to court and got him exiled from Rome on rape chrages she was said to be "both damaged and motivated by these events" she left Rome for a couple of years and lived in Tuscany then moved back when she had her daughter who was always very sick

She painted very feminine, female centered works of art such as Danae, Judith beheading Holofernes, and Susanna and the elders. She had a wide range of Patrons, The Medici dukes for portraits, and Michelangelo Buonarroti the Younger commissioned a painting for the ceiling of Casa Buonarroti

Two "Ism's" that relate to Artemisia's painting style are Naturalism and Secularism because she had complex yet natural seeming oil paintings.

Gentileschi, Artemisia Judith beheading holofernes, 1161-1162, oil on canvas, Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Antica

Her Work

This Piece is called "Judith beheading holofernes" it was made in 1161-1162 Now you can find it in the Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Antica in Rome, Italy. This piece shows Judith smirking as she beheads Holofernes on his bed. Judith who was a widow charms Assyrian general Holofernes then decapitates him in his tent. I like this Piece because it shows the raw power of the woman without the female nude that are in most of her paintings. It makes me think about how her paintings must have been viewed back when she created them. When barely anyone had female centered art work unless it was religious and about Mary and Jesus.

Citations

Meyer, Ruth K. "A woman like that: contemporary filmmaker Ellen Weissbrod puts the spotlight on Artemisia Gentileschi." The Artist's Magazine, Mar. 2012, p. 10+. Gale Biography In Context, go.galegroup.com/ps/i.dop=GPS&sw=w&u=bedf0311&v=2.1&it=r&id=GALE%7CA338325081&asid=7eaad9b21b12327f024fcf8e215029bc. Accessed 5 Dec. 2016.

Gentileschi, Artemisia Judith beheading holofernes, 1161-1162, oil on canvas, Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Antica

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