Environmental regulations and Natural Resource Management Natural resources are the key to life


equilibrium: A state in which opposing forces or influences are balanced.

climatic regime: Global framework that aims at regulating interaction of human activity with the global climate system.

ecosystems: Community of interacting organisms and their physical environment.

environment: Surroundings or conditions in which a person, animal, or plant lives or operates.

Emissions: The production of a gas or radiation.

Climate change: How the world is changing in climate.

Why is biofuel more damaging than regular oil?
Link: abcnews.go.com/Technology/GlobalWarming/story?id=4257226&page=1

By far biofuel has shown to do more harm than good, proven by the Nature Conservancy. Joe Fargione, the regional science director for the Nature Conservancy and the lead author of one study, stated, “When you convert a grassland into a cornfield, that carbon has to go somewhere. It goes into the air as carbon dioxide and contributes to global warming”(Phillips). This quote helps us picture an image in our heads when explaining how biofuel releases more carbon dioxide into the air. Many times people don’t know land conversions are more damaging to the atmosphere than drilling for oil. Nature Conservancy and the University of Minnesota, stated in their study, “that land conversion for ethanol and biodiesel release 17 to 420 times more carbon than replacing fossil fuels”(LeClaire). Thus showing how much of the carbon dioxide is being released in the atmosphere. So getting rid of biofuel isn’t the only thing that can help our natural resources because forest are the key to protecting and saving them.

How are forests vital to maintaining and protecting natural resources?

Forests help protect water, wildlife, carbon emissions and many more, but what they do with carbon emissions is why we should protect them. According to the International year of soils, 650 billion tonnes of carbon, or about one third of the total that are in terrestrial ecosystems, are trapped inside forests. This helps a lot with carbon emissions because they have a placed where they can be stored into the soil. But another way forest are vital for maintaining our resources would be by wildlife. According to James Hamilton, “Animals depend on healthy forest environments for survival, and with the deforestation going on they are becoming threatened and even endangered.” Conserving forests would be a step into moving in the right direction, but yet many people don’t know what local natural resources plans can do on federal lands.

What can local natural resource plans do on federal lands?

Local resource plans help by providing information on the land but also help manage it sometimes. According to the House Committee on Natural Resources, “State and local stakeholders are the best stewards of the land because they have the knowledge, expertise, and experience of living off of the land.” Since state and local holders know the land better than they can help when trying to open it to the public to expanding natural resource development. Many times the land and its funds are broken up between multiple groups. Natural resource revenues from onshore Federal land, for many parts of the country 49% is given to state where the revenues came from, 40% is given to the Reclamation Fund, and few goes to the agency that takes care of the land and 11% to the U.S. Treasury (US Federal Lands). This connects because it breaks down who get what on federal lands, and knowing how the EPA regulates energy helps manage natural resources.

How does the EPA regulations limit its effect energy has on affecting natural resources management?

The EPA has put many laws into place on energy because all of the effects it has on the natural resources management. EISA reinforces the energy reduction goals for federal agencies put forth in Executive Order 13423, as well as introduces more aggressive requirements(Epa). This law enforces how much energy should be used so that it doesn’t have impact the environment as much as it has. But this just doesn't affect the environment it affects the community too. Near the end of 2023, almost 600,000 jobs will be lost, a family of four’s income will decrease 1,200. Also the domestic product decline is by 2.23 trillion dollars over the entire period of the analysis(Nicolas Loris and Filip Jolevski). This connects because the also have to think about the how the people are going to be affected when trying to preserve natural resources. Which ties into how do we move into a new equilibrium.

How do we move into a new equilibrium and what's causing it?

Moving into a new equilibrium means that we have upset the balance that we have in our environment, and so we do this by some of the land work we do. According to Nicolas Loris and Filip Jolevski, “Scientific evidence suggests human behaviors have upset certain chemical, hydrogeologic, and atmospheric cycles of the planet, altering the climatic regime at a scale in which extremes in climatic conditions are being generated as the planet attempts to reach a new equilibrium.” This is explaining how if we throw off one part of the in the environment, it starts to throw off everything else. But what have we done to cause this. In the last 1,000 year the impact on land has increased, mainly through deforestation and expanding use of pastures (Jungius). When we are destroying land to do something else on it we are doing more than just tearing down tree’s. The carbon that goes into the air messes with the balance of the environment.

Work Cited

“Federal Land Management.” House Committee on Natural Resources, naturalresources.house.gov/management/. Accessed 17 February 2017.

“Forests and forest soils: an essential contribution to agricultural production and global food security.” International Year of Soils, www.fao.org/soils-2015/news/news-detail/en/c/285569/?scrlybrkr=cab3eb5a. Accessed 17 February 2017.

Hamilton, James. “Careers in Sustainable Forestry.” Bureau of Labor Statistics, www.bls.gov/green/forestry/sustainable_forestry.htm. Accessed 17 February 2017.

Jungius, Hartmut. “Ecological Balance.” WWF, wwf.panda.org/about_our_earth/teacher_resources/webfieldtrips/ecological_balance/. Accessed 17 February 2017.

LeClaire, Jennifer. “Biofuels Study Heats Up Global-Warming Debate.” Sci-Tech Today, www.sci-tech-today.com/story.xhtml?story_id=012000O81LEC. Accessed 17 February 2017.

Loris, Nicolas and Jolevski, Filip. “EPA’s Climate Regulations Will Harm American Manufacturing.” The Heritage Foundation, www.heritage.org/environment/report/epas-climate-regulations-will-harm-american-manufacturing. Accessed 17 February 2017.

“Natural Resource revenues.” U.S. Federal Lands, 18f.github.io/doi-extractives-data/. Accessed 17 February 2017.

Phillips, Ashley. “Biofuel: Bad for the Environment?” ABC News, abcnews.go.com/Technology/GlobalWarming/story?id=4257226&page=1. Accessed 17 February 2017.

“Summary of the Energy Independence and Security Act.” United States Environmental Protection Agency, www.epa.gov/laws-regulations/summary-energy-independence-and-security-act. Accessed 17 February 2017.

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