Narthex - A term for the foyer or entry way of the church.
Nave - The place where the congregation gathers for worship.
Sanctuary - The elevated front part of the church where the service s conducted.
Sacristy - The room in which all of the communion equipment is held.
Tabernacle - A locked box in which the Eucharist is reserved or stored.
Lamp of the Tabernacle
Lamp of the Tabernacle - A candlestick placed in the sanctuary that, when lit, indicates the presence of the Blessed Sacrament.
Lectern or Ambo
Lectern or Ambo - The podium which the speaker stands.
Pulpit - The stand which the clergy uses to read the gospel and preach the sermon.
Altar - The table where the bread and wine are consecrated for communion.
Baptismal Font - The large bowled surface where baptism is held.
Stations of the Cross
Stations of the Cross - The series of events on the day of Jesus' crucifixion. They are usually located around the walls of the whole church.
Chair for the Priest
Chair for the Priest - The chair where the priest sits. Located in the sanctuary.
Transept - The area closest to the sanctuary. Reserved for the other clergy members and the choir.
Apse - The curved, semicircular wall behind the altar.
Dome - The circular roof of the church.
Ambulatory - The walking area around the apse or cloister.