The 1911 Chinese Revolution By: Sylvia Phillips, MaKenzie Claypool, Hayleigh Hall-Ellis, and Cevannah Walters

  • Qing Empire faced many challenges, 2 Opium wars resulting in the loss of Hong Kong
  • Lost the Sino-Japanese war
  • Forced to relinquish lots of their territory ending their rule over Korea
  • Became apparent that the Qing Dynasty was not successful
  • Attempted a limited decentralization
  • 1905: The Qing court decides to send two missions abroad to study foreign political systems, suggesting that it is considering political and constitutional reform
  • Imperial examinations are abolished, part of the late-Qing reforms
  • 1906: Under pressure from the provinces, the Qing government agrees to consider constitutional reform
  • revolt breaks out amongst the troops in Wuchang
  • Agreement of power signed 4/5/1911
  • 1911:
  • Prince Qing replaced
  • Nineteen Articles passed (moved from autocratic to constitutional)
  • Yuan Shikai reaches out to try to save the Dynasty
  • 14 provinces have declared independence from the Qing Dynasty
  • 1912:
  • Yuan Shikai agrees to provide the republic with military support against the Qing
  • Sun Yixian resigns from the presidency in favour of Yuan Shikai
  • Yuan Shikai is inaugurated as president
  • 1913
  • Sun Yixian launches a ‘second revolution’, an attempt to remove Yuan Shikai from the presidency
  • Sun Yixian’s revolution attempt fails and he is forced into exile
  • Yuan Shikai dissolves the National Assembly and implements a self-appointed cabinet. Provincial governors are replaced with military governors
  • 1915
  • A national assembly, largely handpicked by Yuan Shikai, recommends the restoration of the monarchy with Yuan at its head
  • Yuan Shikai proclaims himself Emperor of China
  • Provincial uprisings erupt in response to Yuan Shikai’s declaration that he intends to restore the monarchy
  • Chinese communist party is founded 1921, they invade china
  • led to The United States suspending ties to china
  • there was almost no contact to other countries until 1970
  • ”Chinese White Paper” was published, it descrived the US policy toward china
  • 1958~”the Great Leap forward”: was Mao’s attempt to modernize china so that they could rival the united states
  • 1959~”china’s great famine”: killed more than 12,000 people
  • 1966~ mao pushed for a cultural revolution in order to gain back his authority in chinese government
  • Reform movements made improvements in the standards of living
  • Artists were encouraged to be more critical, to move toward more pragmatic outlooks
  • China never really returned back to it's "normal state" because before the revolution it was ruled under a dynasty but after the revolution(s) were over, China never went back to the dynasty but is now under a communist government


Created with images by ralphrepo - "Yen's Soldiers, Militarism In China, Here Are Specimens Of The Soldiery Who Protect The People By Dominating Them, Who Protect Property By Looting It, Liao Chow, Shansi, China [c1925] IE Oberholtzer (probable) [RESTORED]" • Boston Public Library - "Double trouble for the Boxers, East Asiatic German Infantry, Chinese War, China." • Boston Public Library - "A company of the Czar's infantry in Manchuria, China"

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