The US Constitution is a written document that is made to create the new laws. The Constitution was written on September 17, 1787. It was written because they need new laws because the ones before were not great. The Constitution guaranteed rights the the citizens. It was signed in Philadelphia.
Limited Government limits the distribution of currency. Government cannot be above the law also governments powers get limited. The leader also cannot be above the law. This means the leader has to follow the rules and laws just like the people. Government officials can only have one position in government. This is very important because if you are the president than you cannot be any other form of government.
Separation of Powers
Separation of Powers has legislative executive, and Judicial branches. The legislative executive, and Judicial branches were very defined and distinct. Separation of powers prevent misuse of power by any of the 3 branches. The Constitution assigns power to each of the 3 branches. The 3 branches have boundaries and gets assigned what powers they can have. The Constitution established a Supreme Court.
Federalism is part if the Tenth Amendment. Federalism separates what federal government v.s what the states can do. It limits each others laws. It is a principle or a system of government.
Checks and Balances
Checks and Balances is impeachment and veto. Senates power is to make sure that the president is not abusing his own power. The president gets to have a lot of power but if he abuses it then it is the senates job. The president is limited to power so nothing extreme can happen.
Popular Sovereignty limits the governments powers. Government derives its political authority from the people. This is just slowing that all governments powers come from the people. Constitution abides by the principle of Popular Sovereignty.
Representative Government is the Terms of Office and Voting. Electoral system is for citizens to vote to elect people to represent their interests and concerns. The people elect who will be in charge and to make new laws. The electoral votes are that bigger states have more electoral votes for voting.