What I've Learned in Photo 1 jennifer and Brieana

In this class we learned about the different functions a film camera has. There are many different types of film cameras, this is an example of how one of the cameras look like.
In order to start taking pictures, we must load film into it. To open the back of the camera, we must pull the film rewind crank/knob up until you see the camera back open.
On the film compartment (left), you put the film inside.
After placing the film on the compartment, pull some of the film to the right and put it inside the film spool.
Close the camera back. In order to load your film, you must pull the lever. And to take pictures on a film camera, one must pull the lever before taking a picture so the next picture could be taken.
After finishing taking the pictures, you're not supposed to open it immediately or else you will expose all your pictures and they'll all get ruined. Before opening the camera back, on the bottom of the camera, you must press on the rewind button.
After pressing on the rewind button, pull the crank up and turn the knob clockwise (in circles) until you don't feel any resistance.
After doing everything to rewind your film, pull the crank/knob up so the camera back opens.
After loading and unloading the film. You must go inside the film loading room. This room is pitch black because if we load our film outside in the light, we loose our film.
Inside the film loading/changing room, we take a canister, reel, stopper and film inside. Before turning the lights completely off, open the film with the bottle opener(provided). Turn the lights off immediately after that. After the lights are off, take the whole film out and grab the reel. With the reel, insert the film inside of it. After the whole film is in the reel, cut off the excess film (the end). Insert the reel inside the canister, the stopper will be inserted in the middle of the reel. Close the top of the canister and then you can turn the lights on.
To continue the process of developing the film, we must go through a long process. First, using a beaker/measuring cup fill up 5oz. of water.
After having 5oz. of the water, fill other 5 oz. of D76. Now you will have 10oz inside the beaker/measuring cup.
After having 10oz, grab a theromometer and measure the temperature of the liquid. When the temperature is found, depending of the temperature, you develop your film at different times(see the chart on the wall). You could get 9 mins or sometimes 6 mins of developing time, it al the depends on the temperature of the liquid. After figuring out your time, pour the liquid inside the canister and immediately start timing it. The first 30 seconds, agitate it and then after every minute agitate it for 5 seconds. Do this until the time runs out and then pour it down the sink.
After using D76 with water, you must use the measuring cup again and fill up 10oz of water. Pour the water on the canister and agitate for 30 seconds. Pour the water down the sink. Using the measuring cup one last time fill up 10oz of fixer. Pour it in the canister and set timer to 5 minutes, agitate it for 10 seconds for every minute. After that's done, don't pour it in the drain, instead pour it into the "Recycled Fixer" jug.
After doing the process with all the liquids, remove container top and place into hurricane washer.
After being in the hurricane washer for 3 minutes, take it out and put it in the photo flo. Leave it inside there for 30 seconds. After the time is done, take out the film from the photo flo and remove the reel too.
Grabbing a clip, attach silver weight to the bottom and attach clothes pin to the roll of film. Put the film inside the dryer and leave it in there overnight.
The next day, cut out the film so it could get inserted inside the sleeves. You may make a contact sheet so you could have a better vision on how your pictures came out.
To print out your picture, using a negative carrier you must insert the film inside and choose the picture you want to print out(as shown above).
This is the enlarger. The enlarger is where we are able to use our negatives to print out a picture. You can adjust the way you feel is best to print out a good Image.
In the enlarger you need to put in a contrast filter (1,2 or even 4 ). The filter lets out white or a pink color.
This is RC paper for printing. We use this paper to put our images on. At the enlarger, a light shines our negatives on the paper for a certain amount of seconds or minutes to create an image.
Grain Focuser: this helps us ensure that our pictures from our negatives are focused or clear enough to print. When you look through the grain focuser, your goal is to see a bunch of sand like black dots. The more darker the dots the more focused it is.
Example of how to use grain Focuser. After looking into the grain focuser, we grab a test strip so we can test our picture to see if it comes out the way we want it. Normally test strips are done before the final picture. You try different seconds and filters and compare each strip to eachother. The speed easel holds the RC photo paper in place when you begin to print your image.
Burn and dodge tools - burning and dodging helps make your pictures lighter or darker when necessary. Here we are using a dodging tool to make the hair lighter than the rest of the image.
Chemical processing- The first step is to put the paper in D-76 for about 30 to 90 secs or before it gets way too dark. Next you put the paper in the stop bath for about 30 seconds. After the stop bath, you put your image in the fixer for about 3 to 5 minutes . The fixer usually makes your pictures lighter. Lastly you put your result in the wash bath for about 5 minutes.
After the picture is developed, take it to the clear board and using a squeegee, wipe out all the excess water.
After the squeegee, insert the picture in the dryer so the picture completely dries and is ready for the last finalization steps.
After developing the picture, you may cut the sides of the picture if you want clean edges of only the picture. In order to dry mount your picture on the board, you put the tissue on the back of the picture and put it on the board. After measuring the board and picture to center everything, using the tacking iron, press gently on top of the picture(the 4 corners only). Finally, open the oven, insert your picture/board and then close it so it could cool down and be pressed down firmly.
For the photogram, you need a photo paper, and supplies of things that you want on your picture. In our photogram we use a picture of a girl, a bow, earbuds, and a necklace. Exposure: 7 seconds. Filter: 2
In order to make a pinhole camera you need: a box, tape, aluminum foil, x-acto knife, black contraction paper, push pin, and photo paper. On the top inside of the box, cut a square on it using an x-acto knife and then tape a piece of aluminum foil on top of it. On the aluminum, poke a small hole on it with a push pin. On the whole inside of the box, wrap it with black construction paper so it's completely dark when the box is closed. Before closing the box, tape photo paper on the inside(across from the aluminum foil).
When taking a picture using the pinhole camera, you lift up the card for as much time as you want. Light goes inside to print a picture on the photo paper.
Shutter Speed: Slow(left)- motion and/or blood. Fast(right)- frozen motion
Aperture: Deep Depth of Field(left)- everything in focus. Shallow Depth of Field(right)- f/2.8-blurry background.
3-point lighting is when we use a key light, back light, and hair light. We used this setup when we took head shots. The background was black. The back light made a white circle around her head. For the key light we used a white board, which was held by the person getting their picture taken. And the hair light were on both of her sides.
For this storyboard we had to use 5 pictures and tell a story with them. In order to make this storyboard, we had to take pictures using a polaroid camera. After taking the pictures we taped them to the board.

Credits:

Gema Hernandez Brieana Bradshaw

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