1957 Oct. 4 - USSR launches Sputnik 1.
Nov. 3 - USSR launches Sputnik 2 which carried a small dog named Laika into orbit.
1958 Jan. 31 - Explorer 1, the first American satellite to reach orbit, is launched. It carried scientific equipment that lead to the discovery of the Van Allen radiation belt.
Oct. 1 - The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is formed, it replaces the National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics (NACA).
1959 Jan. 2 - Luna 1 is launched by the USSR. It is the first man made object to orbit the Sun.
Sep. 12 - Luna 2 is launched. It impacts the Moon on September 13, becoming the first man-made object to do so.
Oct. 4 - Luna 3 orbits the Moon and photographs 70% of its surface.
1960 Apr. 1 - Tiros 1, the first successful weather satellite, is launched.
Aug. 18 - The US launches Discoverer XIV, its first camera equipped spy satellite.
Nov. 8 - John F. Kennedy is elected the 35th President of the United States.
1961 Apr. 12 - Yuri Gagarin orbits the Earth once and becomes the first man in space.
May 5 - Alan B. Shepard becomes the first American in space.
May 25 - President John F. Kennedy addresses Congress and challenges the nation to go to the Moon before the end of the decade.
1962 Feb. 20 - John Glenn orbits the Earth three times.
1963 May 15 - L. Gordon Cooper spends 34 hours in space. He is the last American to fly in space alone.
Jun. 16 - Cosmonaut Valentia Tereshkova becomes the first woman in space.
1964 Jul. 31 - Ranger 7 transmits the first close range images of the Moon.
1965 Mar. 18 - Alexei Leonov spends 12 minutes outside of his Voskhod spacecraft performing the first spacewalk..
Jun. 3 - Ed White performs America's first spacewalk. Jim McDivitt remains in the Gemini capsule.
Nov. 16 - Venus 3 is launched. It becomes the first man made object to impact Venus on March 1, 1966.
1966 Feb. 3 - Luna 9 becomes the first spacecraft to soft-land on the Moon.
Apr. 3 - Luna 10 becomes the first satellite to orbit the Moon.
Aug. 14 - Lunar Orbiter 1 enters orbit around the Moon and takes the first picture of the Earth from that distance.
Nov. 11 - Gemini 12, the last flight of the Gemini Program, launches with James Lovell and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin aboard.
Dec. 21 - Frank Borman, James Lovell, and William Anders begin the first manned journey from the Earth to the Moon. On Christmas Eve they take turns reading Genesis in a broadcast heard around the world.
1969 Jan. 16 - Soyuz 4 & 5 perform the first Soviet spacecraft docking.
Jul. 20 - Neil Armstrong and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin become the first men to walk on the Moon while crewmate Michael Collins orbits around the Moon alone.
Nov. 19 - Pete Conrad and Alan Bean perform the first precision lunar landing, touching down just 600 feet from the Surveyor 3 probe that arrived two years earlier.
The space race was when the USSR and the United States competed to see who had the best technology in space. Some important competitions included who would be the first to orbit the earth and who would be the first to walk on the moon. At first the space race was mainly about the USSR and the United States competing to see who could create a ship that would survive in space, but later turned into seeing who could be the first to land on the moon.
On October 4th, 1957 Ussr was the first the to put a satellite into orbit. It was called Sputnik 1. Four months later the Americans launched their first satellite called the Explorer 1. The Soviets also won the race to put the first man in space. President Kennedy and America was embarrassed by these losses and wanted to be the first to put a man on the moon. This was accomplished July 20th, 1969 when Neil Armstrong became the first man to walk on the moon. After the US implemented the Gemini and Apollo programs, the space race was over and then had in effect "won" the war.
The Affects of the Space Race on the Cold War
- The space race provided technology for the Cold war, which brought popular support for both the USSR and the United States space programs.
- It also brought patriotism for both countries
- It brought benefits to the American government because it didn't bring attention to the violent aspects of the Cold War
- After the Cold War the USSR and the United States started to work on projects together for the International Space Station (ISS).