Popular Sovereignty is when all the government power comes from the people. An example, of Popular Sovereignty is in the Preamble. "we the people of the United States" shows how the people have a say in government power.
Federalism is the division of power between state and nation. In Article 1, Section 10, Clause 1 it states "no state shall enter into and Treaty, Alliance or Confederation". By this statement it shows that the government has power over the state. Another example of Federalism is in Article 1, Section 8, Clause 7. "to establish Post Offices and Post Roads". This is the nation telling the state its there job to provide these things to the people of your state.
Limited Government is the government having certain limitations against the people. In Amendment 3 it states "no soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the owner" this shows that the people have control over their property and the state can't tell them what to do with it. Another example is, in Amendment 2 "the right of the people to keep or bear arms, shall not be infringed". People have a right to own a gun and the government cant take it away from them.
Separations of Power
Separations of Power is the division of power among the executive, legislative, and judicial branch. An example is in Article 3, Section 1. "the judicial power of the Unites States shall be vested in one supreme court" all the laws that will be enforced will be from a court. Another example is in Article 2, Section 1, Clause 1. "the executive power shall be vested in a president of the United States of America" the president is in charge of making the laws.
Checks and Balances
Checks and Balances is the power in which each branch of government has the power to check and limit the actions of the other two branches. An example of Checks and Balances is in Article 1, Section 2 Clause 3. " Representatives shall be appointed among the several states." All forms of lower government have a say in the higher government.
Representative Government is a system in which the people get to elect their leaders. An example of Representative Government is in Amendment 17. "The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each state, elected by the people thereof," The people of the state select their senators. Another example is in Amendment 14, Section 2. "according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each state,". Depending on the number of people in the state is how the counting of votes go.
1. What are Checks and Balances?
2. "We the people" comes from which source?
3. What are the three branches of government?