Bosnia Genocide and ethnic conflict

In early 1992, severe tensions led to a conflict between Bosnian-Serb forces, with the backing of the mostly Serb dominated Yugoslavian army, attacked the Bosnian Muslims and Croatian civilians. The result was an estimated 100,00 people dead, marking the event as the worst act of genocide since the Nazi´s treatment of Jewish Europeans in World War II, and the war ended in 1995.
During the breakup of Yugoslavia, the Bosnia-Herzegovia Republic declared independence from the country, with a referendum for independence. A majority of the population during that time period did not approve of the Socialist Federal Republic that Yugoslovia had. An example of one of the ethnic groups would be the Bosnian Muslims, or Bosniaks, that at that time ruled the population at a 44%.
The self-proclaimed Bosnian Serbs, and Croatians opposed this idea, and did not want to separate. They were upset with the results of the referendum, and began to ethnically cleanse Bosnian territory by removing all of the Bosniaks. Serbia and the ethnic Bosnian Serbs began to attack the Bosniaks, using former Yugoslavian military equipment.
Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia faced much of the violence in the war.

JNA, or people under the title of the Yugoslavia People´s army, began to level out portions of land highly populated with the multiple ethnicity groups they blamed for causing the pass of the referendum. Between the times of April 1992, and December 1995, over 100,000 people died. 80% of them were Bosnian Muslims.

Many efforts arose to deescalate the tensions between the ethnic groups, but to no avail. The groups tried to come together to end the war, but in the end the person signing for the Bosniaks, Alija Izetbegovi´c, withdrew after speaking to former US embassador to Yugoslovia. He did not want any ethnic division to occur within the factions.
The Resolution effort finally came to a success in the midst of a cease fire. A 60 day halt was put into action on the 12th of October, and on the 1st of November, peace talks began. They made an agreement in Dayton, Ohio, called the Dayton Peace Agreement, which was signed on the 21st of November, 1995. The final version was signed in December of 1995, in Paris.
Bill Clinton visiting Bosnian troops.

In the aftermath, there are still tensions between the ethnic groups, none of which have come to the previous genocide. However, tensions are still high in Bosnia, and some believe that a civil war may again be on the horizon.

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