Women played an important economic role in the boycotts. When colonists stopped buying British goods, they needed "homespun" cloth to substitute for British manufactured cloth. Gatherings of women to spin thread and weave cloth drew applause from spectators and from the Patriot newspapers. Women also gave up certain comforts when they pledged not to buy any manufactured British goods. Known as "Daughters of Liberty," these women won respect for their efforts in the political struggle.
One night in March 1770, a group of colonists hurled snowballs and rocks at British soldiers guarding the Customs House. The nervous soldiers fired into the crowd, killing five colonists. The dead included Crisps Attucks, a sailor who may have been an escaped slave of mixed Indian and African decent. Under the leadership of Samuel Adams, Patriots called the killings the Boston Massacre.
The Boston Tea Party
The First Continental congress met in the fall of 1774, in response to the Intolerable Acts. Delegates from every colony except Georgia met in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where they outlined a plan to pressure Parliament to end these acts.
Virginia's delegates included the fiery Patrick Henry who became famous for declaring, "Give me liberty, or give me death."