What is Matter? by Sydnie arbuckle

Matter

Matter is a physical substance in general, as distinct from mind and spirit. Here are some examples of matter.

A sandcastle, salad, popcorn, and an ocean.

Now don't forget there are two different types of matter. There is a pure substance and a mixture.

Pure Substances!

Pure Substances

Lets start with a Pure Substance. Pure substances are defined as substances that are made of only one type of atom or only one type of molecule (a group of atoms bonded together).

elements

Elements are more than one hundred substances that cannot be chemically interconverted or broken down into simpler substances For example, copper, oxygen and nickel are all elements.

Copper, Oxygen, Nickel are all Elements.

compounds

A compound is a pure substance composed of two or more different atoms chemically bonded to one another. An example of a compound is salt, sugar, and chalk.

Sugar, Salt and Chalk Pieces.
MIXTURES!

mixtures

Mixtures are a combination of different qualities, things, or emotions in which the component elements are individually distinct. For Example, dirt, ocean water and a salad.

There is also two types of mixtures.

Homogeneous Mixture

A homogeneous is a mixture which has uniform composition and properties throughout. For example,coffee and kool-aid are homogeneous.

kool-aid and coffee

solutions

A solution is a homogeneous mixture composed of two or more substances. For example, salt water and rubbing alcohol.

salt water and rubbing alcohol

heterogeneous mixture

A heterogeneous mixture is one which has a non-uniform composition. For example a mixture of sand and water, salad and Trail mix is heterogeneous.

sandcastle,salad and trail mix

suspension

Suspension is when particles are big enough to eventually settle. For example, if you pour oil into water and muddy water.

Oil in a cup and muddy are suspensions.

Colloid

A Colloid is when the particles are too small to ever settle. For example, milk.

Milk is a colloid.

Credits:

Created with images by AliceKeyStudio - "fruit mandarins fresh" • ABBones - "Harbour Island" • junyaogura - "Salad" • TeJyng - "food popcorn snack" • chrisf608 - "atlantic ocean" • fdecomite - "Copper" • fdecomite - "Oxygen" • fdecomite - "Nickel" • Mel B. - "Sugar" • SoraZG - "Salt_B130604" • Pexels - "art art materials chalk" • Little Blue Penguin - "mixture.jpg" • chrisf608 - "atlantic ocean" • lsbardel - "Chicken & radish salad" • eelke dekker - "dirt" • pippajay - "sandcastle sand beach" • lsbardel - "Chicken & radish salad" • Cianna - "trail mix sweet candy" • Tom Bech - "Muddy mirror" • congerdesign - "milk glass frisch"

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