Homer Plessy was alive during the time of segregation. He played an important role in standing up for segregation. He refused to sit in a Jim Crow car which was against a law in Louisiana. "In 1892, passenger Homer Plessy refused to sit in a Jim Crow car. He was brought before Judge John H. Ferguson of the Criminal Court for New Orleans, who upheld the state law. The law was challenged in the Supreme Court on grounds that it conflicted with the 13th and 14th Amendments" (Ferguson, 2nd paragraph).
Judge John H. Ferguson was the judge in the supreme court when Plessy came in to contest.
"By a 7-1 vote, the Court said that a state law that “implies merely a legal distinction” between the two races did not conflict with the 13th Amendment forbidding involuntary servitude, nor did it tend to reestablish such a condition"(Ferguson, 3rd paragraph).
How did this affect America.
Plessy vs. Ferguson affected the U.S. by making segregation a law in America. 'separate but equal,'.