Reform movements By: kenneth jenseN ,p.1

Foundation of reform

There were many movements during this time some big names was the second great awaking. This was one of the biggest religious movements of the 1820s and 30s. Another one is transcendentalism this is the belief in the goodness of man. They really believed that one man could reform society. Some people involved in this are Henry Thoreau, Walt Whitman, and Nathaniel Hawthorne.

Women's right movement

At this time we're women couldn't vote or hold office and any wages or land they earned went to their husband and there was no law against a wife being abused by their husband. This movement was trying to change the ways of all that but most of it wouldn't change till later on. Leaders of this movement are Susan b. Anthony and Lucy stone.


In the mid 1800s many Americans started to fulfill its promises to promote "liberty and equality for all." Even though slavery was ended in the north they still accepted the slavery in the south. Both whites and blacks wanted to end it. The abolitionists made many things on help slaves escape like follow the North Star and the Underground Railroad. Some leaders of this movement was Harriet Tubman, Frederick Douglass, and the grimke sisters.

Temperance movement

In the late 1820s reformers linked alcohol to things like crime, backups of family's, and mental illness. So the movement called temperance was made this banned or made it illegal to buy or sell alcohol. Maine was one of the first states to banned this. Laws were made to out law alcohol but they were later removed.

Education movement

The reform made its way to the classroom in the mid 1800s but at this very few attended schools because of the cost. During the reform the reforms saw education as a way for solving crimes rates and poverty. They would eventually vote that the citizens would pay taxes for schools. More and more people would start being able to start going to school do to this movement.

Labor reform

Conditions in the workplace were horrible and many other things were wrong. Reforms(campaigns) began by lowering work hours to 8 a day. Reform also began to improve child labor laws. Then labor unions were formed to protect works such as kids and women.

Prison reform and care of the disabled

During this time the jails conditions were had people bound in chains, and locked up on cages, children jailed with adults, almost no food, and inmates cowarded in the dark. Many inmates at this time were jailed for debts for as little as 15 to 20 dollars. Many people were mad on how they treated the mentally ill because they were beaten for how they acted. After a while they started to make mental hospitals for the mentally ill and they outlawed some stuff like cruel punishment and they made a new justice system for children. A leader of this movement is Dorothea Dix she was one of the main way these things changed.

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Kenneth Jensen

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