A picture of the country mali
1.Geographic study begins with the location of places on earth. Places have absolute location that pinpoints them on the earth and relative locations that place each location in respect to other locations.
2. Mali is bordered by Algeria to the northeast, Niger to the south-west, and Senegal and Mauritania to the west.
3. Mali's capital is Bamako. Bamako is located on the Niger River.
4. Mali is located on the African continent.
5. Mali's landscape is mostly a savanna grassland that rolls into higher plateaus as you move north. Rugged hills with elevations that reach upwards of 3,280 ft (1,000 m) dot the northeast.
Approximately 65% of the country is covered by desert or semi-desert.
The lowest point of the country is the Senegal River at 75 ft (23 m); the highest point of Mali is Hombori Tondo at 3,789 ft (1,155 m).
The largest rivers in Mali are the Niger and Senegal. Considered to be Mali's lifeblood (its source of food, drinking water, irrigation and transportation) the Niger River snakes through roughly 2,600 miles (4,180 km) of western Africa.
6. ~ Mali's climate is a dry land-locked country of northwestern Africa.
~It is very close to the Tropic of Cancer and thus enjoys tropical climate.
~Mali has distinct summers and winter months.
7. Countries that border Mali are:Guinea, Senegal, Mauritania, Algeria, Niger, Burkina Faso, and the Côte d'Ivoire
8. Lake Chad, Chari river, The Niger River
The first video is about how the people in Mali work.
The second video is about a marriage ceremony.
A picture of the Niger River
B. Place. Mali is a former French colony (also known as French Sudan) and the desert, nomadic north was sort of artificially attached to the agricultural, pastoralist south. ... Below the Niger, Mali is agricultural, growing rice, millet, corn, cotton, peanuts and sorghum in addition to smaller quantities of vegetables for market.
1. A place's absolute location is defined with latitude and longitude lines. This is its exact location. The geography theme of location can also deal with relative location. Relative location means how a place is related or connected to other places through water, land, or technology.
2. Mali has considerable natural resources, with gold, uranium, phosphates, kaolinite, salt and limestone being most widely exploited. Mali is estimated to have in excess of 17,400 tonnes of uranium (measured + indicated + inferred). In 2012, a further uranium mineralized north zone was identified.
3. In the east, Songhay, Bozo, and Dogon people predominate, while the Fula people, formerly nomadic, have settled in patches across the nation. Tuareg and Maure peoples continue a largely nomadic desert culture, across the north of the nation. The interaction of these communities (along with dozens of other smaller ethnicities) have created a Malian culture, marked by heterogeneity, as well as syntheses where these traditions intermix.
4.There's a well-known saying in Mali that the country is "98% Muslim, 2% Christian and 100% animist", with Islam absorbing traditional practices and allowing people to retain connections with their customary spirituality – providing a formula for religious tolerance.
5. Nowhere are Mali’s many distinct cultures more proudly displayed than during the country’s numerous festivals. A large percentage of Mali holidays take place in February, including Segou’s Festival on the Niger and Timbuktu’s Desert Festival, two of the country’s biggest celebrations. During one of Mali’s most unique events, all the residents of Djenné descends upon the Great Mosque to help apply fresh mud to the community’s most famous landmark.
6. They are a semi-presidential republic.
Facts: Absolute monarchy- A form of government where the monarch rules unhindered, I.e., without any laws, constitution,or legally organized oposition.
Anarchy- a condition of lawlessness or political disorder brought about by the absence of governmental authority.
Athoritarian- A form of government in which state athority is imposed onto many aspects of citizens lives.
Region- An area on the planet that is composed of places with a unifying characteristic is a region, one of the five themes of geography. A region is defined by its uniform physical or human characteristics. A region whose boundaries are formally defined is known as a formal region. For example, metropolitan cities, districts, provinces, countries, and continents can be regarded as a formal region that is unified by a common political entity. A functional region usually encompasses a central point with defined boundaries and the area around it that is connected via a well-developed network of transportation and communication systems that facilitates the movement of people, goods, and ideas within that system. A large metropolitan city including its suburbs like the New York City in the United States, Mumbai in India, Tokyo in Japan, or Beijing in China, can be regarded as functional regions. The third type of region is vernacular region. When closely placed in the world have unifying characteristics, we tend to imagine these places bound by an “imaginary border.” Thus, though physical maps do not formally define the boundaries of such regions, we tend to create “mental maps” of such regions.For example, we often group the countries in the Arabian Peninsula as the “Middle-East region”, though such a region is never mentioned in the physical maps of the world.
2. Education-Public education in Mali is, in principle, provided free of charge and is compulsory for nine years between the ages of 7 and 16. The system encompasses six years of primary education beginning at age seven, followed by six years of secondary education, generally divided into two three-year cycles.
3. 15.3 million (2013).Population density (people per sq. km) in Mali was last measured at 14.42 in 2015, according to the World Bank. Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers.
4. 478,800 mi²
5. 715.13 USD (2013)
6. Males- 58.2 females- 58.3
8. The climate in Mali is hot with average temperatures ranging between 24° and 32°C. The amount of rainfall also varies throughout the year. The northern region of Mali experiences very less rainfall, whereas the southern part experiences heavy downpour, which lasts from June to October.
Central Mali mostly receives rainfall between June and August. Annual rainfall measures around 1,400 mm in the south, 1,120 mm at Bamako and 127 mm in the northern part of the country.
2.Cotton (representing 10.7% of total exports)
Live animals (representing 5.9% of total exports)
Boilers, machinery, nuclear reactors, etc. (representing 1.5% of total exports)
Mineral fuels, oils, distillation products, etc. (representing 1.5% of total exports)
3. The current flag was adopted on March 1, 1961. The original flag was adopted on April 4, 1959, when Mali joined the Mali Federation. This flag was the same, except the golden stripe had a human stick figure, a kanaga, in black, with arms raised to the sky. The figure was removed due to the opposition, in a country whose population is 90% Muslim, of Islamic fundamentalists (see Aniconism in Islam, the belief against making pictures of the human figure).
The flag adopted in 1959 for the federation was an imitation of the Flag of Ghana, but following the style of the French Tricolore. It was charged with a black emblem known as a kanaga, a stylized human figure. The colors were intended to reflect a unity with other African nations. After the two countries split in 1960, the flag was kept for use in Mali until March 1, 1961, when the kanaga emblem was dropped.
4. In early 1959, the Sudanese Republic and Senegal formed the Federation of Mali. On 31 March 1960 France agreed to the Federation of Mali becoming fully independent. On 20 June 1960 the Federation of Mali became an independent country and Modibo Keïta became its first President.
5. Of the numerous empires that developed and disappeared on the African continent, Mali was one of the first south of the Sahara to capture the attention of both the Islamic and European worlds. Mali also illustrates the range and diversity of historical sources, written and nonwritten, that may be brought to bear on the reconstruction of empires. Mali is an example of an empire that used culture, ideology, and language (Mande) to dominate an expanding territory. The grassland and semiarid region included virtually all of what was known as the savanna, or “Sudan,” and the Sahel, from the Sahara’s edge to the forest’s edge in West Africa. The empire’s manipulation of technology (iron and horses) and ecology (beneficial climatic shifts) emphasizes two of the possible means by which smaller polities may be integrated into the structure of a larger empire. At its height in the fourteenth century C.E. the Mali Empire covered an area greater than 24,000 square kilometers (9000 square miles), and it influenced, through trade connections, an even larger portion of West Africa for several centuries.
6. In Mali their popular transportation is a donkey and the communication is the minimum of cellphones they have.