Automated Jobs NATHAN PATZER

Car manufacturing being done by robots.

What does being automated mean?

An automated job is a job that is performed by something other than a human. A job that is being automated is usually some sort of manufacturing job such as making cars with a robot. Allonrobots.com, a website that gives information about robotics explains, “Ideally, this should be a win-win situation. You know that there are jobs that no one really wants to do. These are those repetitive, tedious jobs that require a lot of monotonous action from the side of a worker, like picking something from one conveyor to another.” An automated job does repetitive work that people will find boring. The robot will do one thing for up to 24 hours a day while the average person can really only do it for 8 hours a day. In a factory where manufacturing companies want their products to be made as efficiently and as fast as possible, humans are becoming obsolete. According to Paul Wiseman, a writer for Bigstory.com, “The vast majority of the lost jobs — 88 percent — were taken by robots and other homegrown factors that reduce factories' need for human labor.”

What jobs will be automated next?

Model of humanoid robot

WHAT JOBS WILL BE AUTOMATED NEXT?

To determine what jobs will be automated next, you have to understand that some jobs are more susceptible to being automated than other jobs. This is because the jobs that are most susceptible to being automated are repetitive physical work while the least susceptible to being automated are jobs that require expertise. Michael Chui, James Manyika, and Mehdi Miremadi explained, “Almost one-fifth of the time spent in US workplaces involves performing physical activities or operating machinery in a predictable environment: workers carry out specific actions in well-known settings where changes are relatively easy to anticipate. ” The reason manufacturing jobs are easy to automate is that they do the same task over and over. A robot can do the exact same job without being paid so it is a lot more efficient than humans. A major section of jobs that is being automated is customer service. Customer service specifically for taking questions or orders. According to J.P Gownder, “It reveals that 78% of brands expect to provide customer experiences through virtual reality in the next four years, while 80% of brands will be using chatbots for customer interactions by 2020.” It is not needed to have real people to take orders or take questions anymore, robots are getting very good at voice recognition and can just as easily answer questions as humans. Contrary to popular belief, automation is not always a bad thing.

What are the positive aspects of automation?

When people hear that jobs are becoming automated, they generally think that is a negative thing. While it is true that robots are beginning to take jobs from people in the industry, it also makes jobs safer for a lot of people. Edward Cornish, founder of the World Future Society explains, “Eventually robots will mine seabeds and farm the surfaces of the oceans for fuel and food. And they will play a major role in construction and manufacturing operations in outer space.” Jobs that involve mining deep in the ground or on the seafloor are to hazardous for humans to do. Jobs like those have a very high mortality rate. With robots doing those jobs, it makes a lot safer for the people doing the mining. While the robot miners have taken the miners jobs, the robots need maintenance. According to J.P Gownder, “Automation will create jobs equivalent to 9% of the workforce in 2025.” The robots need to be maintained so they do not break down. There is many robot jobs that are being taken from people, but there is also many jobs being created from robots.

Irobot move picture.

How is it affecting people?

It is a fact that people have lost jobs to automation. But, the rate at which jobs are leaving the workforce is accelerating. Martin Ford, a writer for the Wired.com explains, “It’s not just about lower-skilled jobs either. People with college degrees, even professional degrees, people like lawyers are doing things that ultimately are predictable. A lot of those jobs are going to be susceptible over time.” We have yet to see how automation will affect jobs. In the future a lot more jobs will be automated and it will cost the jobs of the people currently working the positions. Aside from the jobs, it also costs the economy a lot. According to David Ignatius, a writer for the Washington Post, “The “automation bomb” could destroy 45 percent of the work activities currently performed in the United States, representing about $2 trillion in annual wages.” Two trillion dollars in income is a lot of jobs lost. The next step is to figure out how to help yourself.

What can you do to save yourself from automation.

Once the job is being automated, there is no way to get it back. But, you can still assist the machine. In an article by Meredith Placko called, How to stop robots from taking your job, he explains, “You still need humans to interpret that data in a meaningful way that is relevant to the business at hand, such as what exactly does it mean when you lose 30% of your sales in the first quarter? Was it due to misused advertising? Bad branding? A machine can’t write a great campaign or tell you how best to run your social media for your company, not yet anyway.” Machines can only do so much, as long as you can assist the robot in what it is doing. The job that you have is fine. Many jobs, however, are not going to have the robot assistant type jobs. Some people are starting to to look towards putting regulations on automation to keep their job safe. Ryan Feit, from fortune.com explains, “If history is any indication, some will push for protectionism, shielding certain jobs in order to preserve employment levels in the short-term.” It is possible for the government to put regulations on the jobs that are being taken so that automation does not get taken out of hand.

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