Queen Elizabeth ruled during the Elizabethan Era also known as the Golden age of England. During this time of prosperity the Queen established a Church of England, defeated the strong Spanish Navy, and helped the economy grow.
Introducing the Queen; Born in 1533 to King Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, Elizabeth became queen in 1558. She ruled for the next 48 years.
King Henry VIII
Queen Elizabeth's father paved the way for his daughters success. King Henry VIII is remembered for "separating the Church of England from the Roman Catholic Church,"(Greaves) as well as his " pleasure-seeking life style."(Greaves) Her father lived a player lifestyle, while still getting the job of a king done. Although, King was able to separate the churches he did not live long enough to establish which shall be declared the Church of England.
Henry made up a fleet of fighting ships that held up against expensive wars against Scotland and France. Along with his other big events, "he also presided over a major government reorganization... including establishing a bureaucracy"(Greaves) that took over government duties. Establishing a helping government takes much of the work load off.
The Church, Protestant or Catholic?
Queen Elizabeth was tasked with the daunting question of religion, "Catholic or Protestant." Without causing a revolt, she established a primarily Protestant Church of England to satisfy the majority of her subjects. Elizabeth "achieved a religious settlement that established a moderately protestant Church of England,"(Gibbs) finishing her fathers doing, this church took over as the country's national church. Her father would've been proud. She also avoided war with Roman Catholic nations. Unlike her father, Elizabeth avoided unnecessary expensive wars. Although, they did see church as one of the most pressing issues of the time.
Spain was gaining rapid wealth from gold and silver in lands they claimed, "England wanted some of this wealth."(Philips) Queen Elizabeth encouraged her seamen to raid Spanish ships.It is said greed is the root of all evil. Both forces were mighty and some of the most fierce at the time. In the late 1580's the English navy defeated "the powerful Spanish Armada"(Phillips) trying to invade England. "English merchants and sailors challenged the Spanish with confidence leading England's economy to prosper. Elizabeth lead her country into prosperous times. A flourishing economy is enough to boost any part of society.
East India Company
The "East India Company was the name of several European companies that opened trade with India and the Far East."(Phillips) The companies were private businesses given charters by England, Netherlands, Denmark and France government. All these 'companies' were given special trading rights. The enterprises must have been lucrative. The charters must have been hard to get.The British Company lasted nearly 260 having "the longest life,"(Phillips) along with the most influence. It opened trade in India and the Far East to England's trade. Eventually bringing India to the British Empire. Before England, in1600 "Portugal controlled most of European trade with India and the Far East."(Philips) England had much pull onto trade, which shows it had much to give. Under the Queen merchants and their product bloomed everyone wanted England produce.