Legacy: Tutankhaten became pharoah (son of Akhenaten), at aged nine and married one of his father's daughters who was aged twelve. He changed his name to 'Tutankhamun' as a symbol of the revolution. They set up their main seat of government at Memphis and with the capital city Thebes.
What researchers believe Tutankhumun looked like
Tutankhamun promised to make restoration and retribution to the old gods, including paying for the damaged temples and demoloshing the temples of Amun-Re, the Sun God. Every trace of Atenism was wiped out although some artistic and cultural changes were kept temporarily. These changes were a representation of the old culture and the religious revolution.
The independence of the pharaoh was lost. The attempt at autonomy had failed.
- Ancient Interpretations: Tutankhuman speaks of the time of Akhenaten as a period of "sickness" and neglect of the gods, deserting Egypt.
- Ay as king, near Akhminum speaks of this time period being "evil" and the "destruction of right".
- In the 19th Dynasty overall Akhenaten was referred to as "the heretic" and " thats criminal of Akhenaten"
- Horemheb added "corruption" to the list of ills.
- Modern Interpretations: Early 1900s- Weigall interpreted Akhenaten i n the light of his own Victorian views. He believed there were 'simple and homely' qualities in the reign that was 'worthy of admiration'.
- 1920s- Newberry came from a liberal time where Akhenaten being homosexual was being discussed but never accepted.
- 1960s- Sir Mortimer WHeeler wrote, 'this remarkable man, who broke up with Egyptian traditian'. 'If he dreamed rather than ruled, that is a part of the marvel'.
- 1980s- To Redford, Akhenaten was 'ugly', 'a poor judge of character', 'not gifted as an administrator' and 'effete'. Although withsome 'ability as a poet', and a 'flair for art , sculpture and design.'
By Jarriah Lawson