Bus Boycotts By Andrew Sablone

In Montgomery, Alabama, whites and blacks were being segregated on buses. Though most whites wanted to keep things the way they were, some wanted equality for all races.
This almost empty bus shows how much the bus systems need the black community. Some bus drivers were laid off because there wasn't enough profit.
This image is a newspaper article from the time of the Montgumery Bus Boycott. The article was reporting the start of the boycott on December 5, 1955.
Rosa Parks was a civil rights activist who peacefully fought for equality. She was arrested for not giving up her seat to a white person on a bus four days. She took the case to court where the rest of the black community supported her. The boycott began on the day of her first court hearing.
Claudette Colvin was among the first to refuse her seat to a white person on a bus. She was pulled out of the bus and taken to jail. The black community chose Rosa Parks as their representative over Claudette Colvin because Claudette was to young for people to listen to her case.
Jo Ann Robinson was new to the south when she was kicked off a bus for sitting in the white section. She was embarrassed at being treated like a dog. After Rosa Parks' arrest, she helped organize the boycott. After 381 days, the Montgomery buses were finally integrated.
The quote means that if something is wrong then you are morally required to stop it.
Nonviolent protests are still used in many different situations. In 2012, Adidas was boycotted because they used kangaroo leather in some of their shoes. Similar to bus boycotts, the community can stop using a company's products if they don't like how it is being run.
Do Nonviolent Protests Work?
I think that nonviolent protests work if everyone participates although it can take a long time to see results. A large enough group can put pressure on the people in charge. For example, the Montgomery bus boycott resulted in a federal court ruling that laws requiring segregated seating violated the 14th Amendment. Buses in Montgomery were integrated over a year after the protest began.
Works Cited:

Azbell, Joe. "Negro Groups Ready Boycott of City Lines." The Montgomery Advertiser 4 Dec. 1955: 1. Web 13 Jan 2017.

Hoose, Phillip M. Claudette Colvin: Twice toward Justice. New York: Melanie Kroupa /Farrar Straus Giroux, 2009. Print.

King, Martin Luther, Jr. “Letter from Birmingham Jail.” 16 Apr. 1963. Web. 13 Jan 2017.

Poulter, Sean. "Kangaroo Leather Gets the Boot from Adidas: Manufacturer Will No Longer Use Product in Shoes Worn by Premier League Stars." Daily Mail Online. Associated Newspapers, 04 Sept. 2012. Web. 16 Jan. 2017.

Images Used:

http://www.alabamamoments.alabama.gov/sec55ps.html

http://www.blackpast.org/aah/robinson-jo-ann-1912-1992

http://www.flickriver.com/photos/autobuses/sets/72157631695381938/

http://www.nydailynews.com/news/martin-luther-king-jr-s-inspirational-quotes-resonate-today-gallery-1.2206693?pmSlide=1.2206681

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/11/26/books/26colvin.html

http://www.savethekangaroo.com/adidas

http://shine.forharriet.com/2015/02/rosa-parks-collection-documents-reveals.html#axzz4Vx9WWmkO

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