Police powers of a municipality are a major function among various governmental functions. Police power extends to all appropriate ordinances for the protection of peace, safety, health, and good morals of the people. General welfare is a generic term to describe police power.
Police use their powers to defend the constitution, and protect the safety, health, and morals of the people.
Police power describes the basic right of governments to make laws and regulations for the benefit of their communities. Under the system of government in the United States, only states have the right to make laws based on their police power. The lawmaking power of the federal government is limited to the specific grants of power found in the Constitution.
Police arresting someone based off of legal rights and the constitution
The criminal justice system in the United States raises serious constitutional and human rights concerns. The human rights violations inherent in the system play out on a number of fronts:
- Racial disparities in arrests (Cops are arresting people/ treating people differently based off of there race)
- Convictions (If they have any previous convictions, the officer might treat that individual differently)
- Sentencing (draconian sentences mandating that nonviolent offenders serve the rest of their lives behind prison walls (Ex: If you steal from a candy store, you should not be sentenced to prison for the rest of your life)
- The heightened impact of incarceration on vulnerable populations, such as children and the mentally ill; and more (people are being arrested like children and the mentally ill when they shouldn't be. They are being tried like any other person)
- Age, gender, disabilities (Police might base how they treat you based on these things, which is unlawful)
Some power that police have that most citizens don't know of in the state of Colorado in particularly is that when you get your drivers license you sign off on what is called the Colorado’s Express Consent Law. The express consent law requires any driver to consent to a chemical test if a police officer has reasonable grounds to believe the person is driving under the influence or their ability to operate a motor vehicle is impaired because of alcohol, drugs or both
More people are in the United states jails and prisons then ever before
With only 5 percent of the world’s population, the United States has 25 percent of the world’s prison population, making it the world’s largest jailer. The U.S. criminal justice system today deprives more Americans of their liberty than ever before—and more than any other nation on earth—unfairly, unnecessarily, and in stark violation of international human rights law. In order to bring its prison system in line with international human rights standards, the United States should do the following:
1. Eliminate incarceration as a penalty for certain classes of low-level, nonviolent offenses, especially when these offenses are the result of mental illness or drug addiction or are first-time offenses.
2. Strengthen cost-effective alternatives to incarceration and drug treatment programs.
3. Distinguish between the people currently in prison who continue to pose threats to safety and those who are ready to re-enter society.
4. Require regular, systemic evaluations of the U.S. criminal justice system.