The Nile is formed by 3 streams. First the Blue Nile and the Atbara which flows from the highlands of Ethiopia, and lastly the White Nile, the headstreams that flow into Lakes Victoria and Albert.
The name Nile is derived from the Greek Neilos Latin: Nilus, which probably originated from the Semitic root meaning a valley or River Valley. The fact that the Nile—unlike other great rivers known to them—flowed from the south northward and was in flood at the warmest time of the year. Nile mud is black enough to have given the land itself its oldest name, Kem or Kemi, which also means “black” and signifies darkness.