John Keats

BIOGRAPHY

John Keats - one of the greatest poets of the English Romantic movement.

He is famous for his songs, novels, epistolary poems, epics, hymns, ballads, odes, sonnets.

John Keats was born in Moorgate, near London, October 31, 1795.

John was the oldest of Thomas and Frances Keats' (born Jennings) four children: George, Thomas and Frances Mary (Fanny). His father worked as a groom and then was a stable keeper.

In the summer of 1803, Keats was sent to board at John Clarke's school in Enfield Town - the little school, where Keats discovered an interest in classical literature and history.

John Keats had lost both parents at an early age

The children were in the care of their grandmother. When he was sixteen, he was apprenticed to a surgeon and pharmacist. but soon he gave up his job doctor to be a poet, not a surgeon.

In February 1820, Keats was hemorrhaging in the lungs - the first symptom of tuberculosis.

John Keats died of tuberculosis at the age of 25 in Rome February 23, 1821.

He was buried in the Protestant cemetery.

WORKS

First appearance in print of Keats’s poetry was in May 1816 – his sonnet “O Solitude”, published in his magazine “The Examiner”.

His productive years between 1818 and 1820 yielded some of his masterworks, including:

“Lamia,”

“The Eve of St. Agnes“,

“Ode on a Grecian Urn“.

“ODE ON A GRECIAN URN“.

When old age shall this generation waste, /thou shalt remain, in midst of other woe/ than ours, a friend to man, to whom thou say'st, / “Beauty is truth, truth beauty”, - that is all / ye know on earth, and all ye need to know.

When the speaker of the poem gazes at the Grecian urn, he meditates on the nature of truth and beauty. Each of the three scenes depicted on the urn moves him in a different way, and he describes them in detail, marveling at their artistry.

In the first stanza of the poem, the speaker starts describing an ancient Grecian urn of the kind used to hold ashes. It depicts three scenes: a wild party, the playing of instruments, and a ritual slaughter.

In the second to fourth stanzas, the speaker describes the scenes in detail, envying all the beautiful figures. He lingers particularly on the scene of the party, where several amorous men chase after women.

The final stanza contains the beauty-truth equation, the most controversial line in all the criticism of Keats' poetry. No critic's interpretation of the line satisfies any other critic, however, and no doubt they will continue to wrestle with the equation as long as the poem is read. In the stanza, Keats also makes two main comments on his urn. The urn teases him out of thought, as does eternity; that is, the problem of the effect of a work of art on time and life, or simply of what art does, is a perplexing one, as is the effort to grapple with the concept of eternity. Art's (imagined) arrest of time is a form of eternity and, probably, is what brought the word eternity into the poem.

"Words Finest son often unspoken ones, Those That wrecked In Silence"

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