The Secret annex
The Secret Annex is the name Anne gives to the house were Anne and her family hid from the Nazis during World War II. In The Secret Annex, there was the Frank family along with four other Jews. These other people were Hermann and Auguste van Pels with their son Peter, and Fritz Pfeffer. The Secret Annex was located along a canal called the Prinsengracht in central Amsterdam in The Netherlands. The Secret Annex is still standing today and is a historical landmark that is visited by millions of people every year.
The Concertgebouw is one of the world's finest concert halls and is located in Amsterdam in The Netherlands. In English the Concertgebouw translates as "concert building." The architect of the building was Adolf Leonard Van Gendt. He was inspired by a building called The Gewandhaus in Leipzig which was built two years earlier. Today, about 900 concerts and other events take place in The Concertgebouw every year.
1. Marriage between Jews and subjects of the state of German or related blood are forbidden. Marriages nevertheless concluded are invalid, even if concluded abroad to circumvent the law. Annulment proceedings can be initiated only by the State Prosecutor.
2. Extramarital intercourse between Jews and subjects of the state of German or related blood is forbidden.
3. Jews may not employ in their household female subjects of the state of German o related blood who are under 45 years old.
4. Jews are forbidden to fly the Reich or National flag or to display the Reich colors. They are, on the other hand, permitted to display the Jewish colors. The exercise of this right is protected by the State.
5. Any person who violates the prohibition under I will be punished by a prison sentence with hard labor. A male who violates the prohibition under I will be punished with a prison sentence with or without hard labor. Any person violating the provisions under III or IV will be punished with a prison sentence of up to one year and a fine, or with one or the other of these penalties. The Reich Minister of the Interior, in coordination with the Deputy of the Führer and the Reich Minister of Justice, will issue the Legal and Administrative regulations required to implement and complete the Law. The Law takes effect on the day following promulgations except for III, which goes into force on January 1, 1936. Nuremberg, September 15, 1935 at the Reich Party Congress of Freedom.
The Nuremberg Laws were a list of various laws that put many Jews into fear and hiding. Many Jewish families found ways to lie on these papers to save their own lives. These laws restricted many things that any citizens would normally have the right to. For example, they restricted Jews from marrying anyone that is of German descent or even flying the German flag. Nazi soldiers had the right to bestow a Nuremberg law paper upon a citizen at any time they choose.
Propaganda is mostly biased information that is used to promote or publicize certain information. There were several different types of propaganda used. These types were demonization, emotional appeals, name calling, patriotic appeals, lies or half-truths, catchy slogans, and visual symbols. These were just few of the many ways propaganda is used. Propaganda is used to try and get certain people on your side about causes, wars, ect. Even today you can find propaganda all around you. For example, most commercials you watch have propaganda in them. They have this by telling you why they are the best, sometimes saying things about other companies that make them look bad, and having little jingles that get stuck in your head. These are examples of half-truths or lies and catchy slogans used in propaganda today.
Anne Frank was born in the year 1929. She was the sister of Margot Frank and the daughter of Edith and Otto Frank. Margot was three and a half years older than Anne. Anne was energetic, funny, and playful. She had many friends before they went into hiding. She had a slight serious side which emerged when they went into hiding and in parts of her diary. She also was in love with the boy living in The Secret Annex with them; Peter Van Pels. She died in 1945 at the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp
Otto Frank was born in 1889. He was the father of Anne and Margot Frank and the husband of Edith Frank. He was described by Miep Gies as "the calm one, the children's teacher, the most logical, the one who a lanced everything out." Overall you can tell he was the leader and the big man in charge in the secret annex. When it was time to make a decision he was the first to act. Otto died in Switzerland at Basel in 1980.
Edith was born in the year 1900. Edith Frank was the wife of Otto Frank and the mother of Margot and Anne Frank. Otto Frank remembers that he was not sure if Edith and Anne had a clear understanding of one another. They would often bicker and fight over small things. In reality she was a good mother who went the extra mile for Anne. She would often say that Anne anne was against every action she did as a mother but deep down Anne trusted her mom. Edith Frank died at Auschwitz in 1945.
Margot Frank was born in the year 1926. She was the sister of Anne and the daughter of Edith and Otto Frank. She was described as very tidy and smart, getting good marks in school. Anne says that at dinner she is very quiet and eats like a mouse. Margot and her sister rarely fought at the Secret Annex but had many times where they talked about lots of different things. Anne says that after the war Margot talks of going to Palestine Mandate to become a nurse. Margot died at Bergen Belsen in 1945 of typhus.
Act 1 summary
In Act One of The Diary of Anne Frank Anne and the rest of her family start of at their home in The Netherlands. Once Hitler took power their family started making plans about moving to a hidden building behind a business in Central Amsterdam. This place was the Secret Annex where Anne would live for the rest of her life as a free Jewish girl. They eventually decide to move into the secret annex with Mr. and Mrs. Van Pels or in the play, "Mr. and Mrs. Van Dann" and their son Peter. Later on in this Act a man named Fritz Pfeffer or in the play named"Mr. Dussel" moves in with them. Anne is not very fond with Mr. Pfeffer as he is very irritable and rude to Anne. They have a celebration of Hanukkah where they all get scared of a sound in the business below. It turns out to be just a thief but they are all still scared after the encounter.