How can we make Canada more sustainable by the year 2041? Predicting what the Canadian economy will look like in 25 years is no easy task, but their is always a start


Canada is blessed with 7% of the worlds fresh surface water. However, statistics have mislead since most people South whereas over 60% of Canada's water flows North to the high Arctic. Water remains plentiful, and yet in expanding Southern Metropolitan regions it is an ever-greater demand, and increasingly polluted both factors making it even more costly to supply. Groundwater, serving 10+ million people,was threatened by misuse and contamination by "rampant" urbanization, industrialization and intense agriculture. 28,000 contaminated sites were listed. Since 2009,its harm has surely increased the arrival of almost two million more "contaminators" into Canada's urban centers. Now the reserves that First Nations live upon is intoxicated as a result from misuse and urbanization. It is hard for them to access due o faulty treatment systems. Federal and Provincial governments need to take take urgent steps to address their votes in this crisis.

As can see, Yukon Territory is in much need of reliable water, especially on Native reserves

Fresh water is becoming more valuable and scarce. 70% of the world is covered in water while 2% of that is only fresh water. Canada has 7% of the worlds renewable water supply but only 0.49% of the worlds total population. We wont realize its importance until its too late.Another problem is we waste a lot of it too. We are one of the highest per capita of users of water in the entire planet. Our residential water use per person per day is 251 litres. -Warming over the 20th century is indisputable and largely due to human activities -Canada's rate of warming is about twice the global rate: a 2'C increase globally would mean a 3 to 4'C increase for Canada -GHG emissions need to become zero in order to stabilize climate at any temperature


Sewage Treatment Plant is an innovative invention that will help produce water that isn't intoxicated and reuse it

Sectors that rely on significant withdrawals include thermal power generation, manufacturing, agriculture, and municipalities. For most of these sectors, a majority of the water withdrawn is eventually discharged back to its original source. Improving water management by encouraging conservation and investing in innovation to improve water efficiency can benefit the environment as well as the economy. We should use technology to reduce or eliminate substances that are going into the environment. We should target the problem to get an overall solution. Sewage treatment plants, properly operated and maintained are a means of removing many toxic substances from waste water and returning the treated water to a lake or river without causing a downstream. We need to install more of those.


According to some scenarios, the Canadian population would continue to grow over the next 50 years, reaching 4 million people and 63.5 million by 2063. However, the rate of population growth would slow in the coming years according the low-and medium growth scenarios, as the contribution of natural increase (the difference between births and deaths) to population growth in Canada would diminish. Specifically, the number of deaths increase in the next several decades as a result of population growth and aging. Canadian population is expected to present significant social, economic and political challenges over the next decades.


We could understand the needs of seniors and addressing the barriers they face can promote successful aging and ensure that Canadian society benefits from the numerous contributions seniors can provide as engaged citizens and voters.

In all scenarios,migratory increase would remain the key driver of population growth over the next 50 years, as has been the case since the early 1990's. According to all scenarios, population aging would would continue in the coming years over the next two decades in particular, the proportion of seniors aged 65 years and over in the population would grow rapidly as the large baby-boom ( 1946-1965) cohort reaches age 65 years and over. Thus, by 2030, the year in which the youngest baby-boomers will reach the age 65, close to 1 in 4 persons will be aged 65 years or older.

In the medium growth scenario, the Canadian population would grow from 35.2 million people in 2013 to 51 million people by 2063. Migration is projected to account for 73 percent of all population growth in the province over the next 2015-2041 period, with natural increase accounting for the remainder 27%. The number of Ontarions aged 15-64 is projected to increase from 9.4 million in 2015 to 10.7 million by 2041.


The Government of Canada has undertaken several initiatives that may assist Canadians to prepare better for retirement. For example, it has undertaken an information initiative to help Canadians understand the role of public pensions within the retirement income system, have confidence in them,and take action towards their personal retirement goals.The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has applauded the basic strength of Canada's retirement income system,particularly its effective mix of public and private elements which provides not only fiscal stability, but also multiple sources of income for retirees and greater ability to weather changes in economic and demographic conditions.The OECD rates the Canadian system well in terms of income adequacy,equity and affordability. All levels of government and all sectors of society will need to work in partnership to respond to the challenges of an aging Canadian society. Nonetheless, seniors continue to face certain challenges and barriers. These include physical and cognitive health conditions, a lack of independence and negative attitudes. Understanding the needs of seniors and addressing the barriers they face can promote successful aging and bring benefit to Canadian society from the numerous contributions older people can provide, including their participation in the electoral process


About 38 per cent of Canada’s land area is forested, or about 3.4 million out of 9.1 million km2. Slightly more than half of this area is classified as commercial forest capable of producing merchantable trees in a reasonable length of time, and has not been reserved for other uses such as parks.Most Canadian forest land is owned and administered by either the provincial or federal government and is thus referred to as Crown forest.Some 8 per cent of the world’s virgin forests were degraded between 2000 and 2013, according to the study. That’s 104 million acres, or an area about three times the size of Germany, Forest Watch said.That means human activities disturbed 20,000 hectares of pristine forest every day for the past 13 years, of that degradation, more than a fifth — 21.4 per cent — occurred in Canada, the study found. That’s more than any other country. Russia, in second place, accounted for 20.4 per cent of the damaged or destroyed virgin forests, while Brazil, site of the Amazon rain forest, accounted for slightly more than 14 per cent.

As you can see, over half of the countries forest has been deforested, unlike before it was much greener


Depletion of forest resources has long term effects on climate, soil conservation, biodiversity, and hydrological regimes, and thus is a vital concern of environmental monitoring activities. Commercial forestry is an important industry throughout the world. Forests are cropped and re-harvested, and the new areas continually sought for providing a new source of lumber. With increasing pressure to conserve native and virgin forest areas, and unsustainable forestry practices limiting the remaining areas of potential cutting, the companies involved in extracting wood supplies need to be more efficient, economical, and aware of sustainable forestry practices. Ensuring that there is a healthy regeneration of trees where forests are extracted will ensure a future for the commercial forestry firms, as well as adequate wood supplies to meet the demands of a growing population.Each year, more than 8,000 square kilometres are logged in Canada.Much of Canada's southern Boreal forest has been licenced to logging companies.Approximately one million hectares of Canada's public forests and roughly 90 percent of this area is clear cut.Logging can cause the loss of old growth forests from the landscape, degradation of wildlife habitat and conversion of conifer-dominated forests to hardwood.Underneath Canada's Boreal Forest lies an oil deposit the size of Florida - the oil sands.Alberta's Boreal Forests have already been fragmented by 88,000 oil and gas well sites, and a massive expansion of oil sands extraction is planned in the coming years. This is causing a large amount of carbon emissions.


Forest conservation and protection mean different things but together both approaches help maintain forest ecosystems and biodiversity.Forest conservation refers to a range of activities, tools and approaches to achieve forest health and biodiversity objectives, including in managed forests where harvesting occurs. These activities are set out in sustainable forest management plans and many are backed by law.Conservation efforts are being taken in Canada to ensure sure many things such as:

retaining trees used by wildlife during harvesting

creating a mix of tree species of all types and age

ensuring that sections of forest remain connected to meet wildlife habitat needs

Forest protection refers to the creation of parks and other areas to legally protect them from industrial activity and to help preserve healthy ecosystems. Some examples include:networks of protected areas that enable wildlife to move from one area,habitat for vulnerable plant species protected marine environments,national historic sites and national parks.

Brampton has a Greenbelt plan that ensures that forests that are crucial for the country/city are being protected. I think the Greenbelt plan should be mandatory for all cities across the country to ensure logging/deforesting isn't dominating Canada's stunning forests going or going overboard. This will make sure no illegal deforestation would be made by big companies who only care about business and economy over the environment.
Urban sprawl is destroying Ontario's farmland. ... according to a study by Statistics Canada, our growing cities sprawl over what once was mostly farmland. Only 5 per cent of Canada's entire land base is suitable for growing food

Ontario is the province that have been mainly effected by urban sprawl because people like to live closer to south, cause of the weather and also since its close to South America.If we’re to feed our growing urban populations, having food lands close to where people live will be critical to sustaining local food security. Food has to be transported across the country causing gas emission some regions of the country,the Golden Horseshoe surrounding Toronto, have been blessed with an abundance of Class 1 soils. But an increasing proportion of the best soils in the Golden Horseshoe and in most urbanized regions of Canada now lie beneath sprawling housing developments, highways, strip malls and other infrastructure. As urban communities have grown over the years, agricultural lands and natural areas have far too often been drained, dug up and paved over.In 2004, an Ontario Government discussion paper raised the alarm about the consequences of the low-density outward growth that had characterized the 1980s and 1990s in the region surrounding Toronto:If we continue to consume land for urban development at the rate we have been for the past three decades, we will jeopardize the financial, social and environmental factors that make the region so attractive to new residents and new economic growth. Business-as-usual development will consume 1,000 sq km of primarily agricultural land by 2031, an area twice the size of Toronto. What can we do? Stop cutting down crucial farm lands and growing our own local food in our communities.


There should be initiatives taken within smaller communities to grow local food instead of relying on outside sources which takes up transportation and energy.I think we should make it mandatory for people who own a certain amount of land to grow at least three different types of vegetation & make community centres within Brampton that can do harvesting. We should also start incorporating a greenhouse farming business plan. Residents can -Advocate for strong cities surrounded by fertile countryside

Eradicate options that allow people to buy houses with a big chunk of land

Use that space/land for agricultural purposes

Consumer preference is highly influenced by public construction of the infrastructure that makes ultra-low density locations possible in Brampton

Assuring that development is spread out fairly metropolitan-wide

Make a strong public transportation system

Sustaining our precious farmlands

Making renewable energy

Keep things more local

Self reliance is key

Make use of the Green Belt Plan

Underground railways/subways can eradicate traffic and congestion

Houses are consuming too much agricultural land-instead make buildings-takes less space and fits more people. It's a win win situation

Personally I think we should have an underground railway system, that way we can conserve are land and reduce the amount of space being taken. We wont have to destroy what is already built and get rid of traffic+congestion

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