About 38 per cent of Canada’s land area is forested, or about 3.4 million out of 9.1 million km2. Slightly more than half of this area is classified as commercial forest capable of producing merchantable trees in a reasonable length of time, and has not been reserved for other uses such as parks.Most Canadian forest land is owned and administered by either the provincial or federal government and is thus referred to as Crown forest.Some 8 per cent of the world’s virgin forests were degraded between 2000 and 2013, according to the study. That’s 104 million acres, or an area about three times the size of Germany, Forest Watch said.That means human activities disturbed 20,000 hectares of pristine forest every day for the past 13 years, of that degradation, more than a fifth — 21.4 per cent — occurred in Canada, the study found. That’s more than any other country. Russia, in second place, accounted for 20.4 per cent of the damaged or destroyed virgin forests, while Brazil, site of the Amazon rain forest, accounted for slightly more than 14 per cent.
As you can see, over half of the countries forest has been deforested, unlike before it was much greener
Depletion of forest resources has long term effects on climate, soil conservation, biodiversity, and hydrological regimes, and thus is a vital concern of environmental monitoring activities. Commercial forestry is an important industry throughout the world. Forests are cropped and re-harvested, and the new areas continually sought for providing a new source of lumber. With increasing pressure to conserve native and virgin forest areas, and unsustainable forestry practices limiting the remaining areas of potential cutting, the companies involved in extracting wood supplies need to be more efficient, economical, and aware of sustainable forestry practices. Ensuring that there is a healthy regeneration of trees where forests are extracted will ensure a future for the commercial forestry firms, as well as adequate wood supplies to meet the demands of a growing population.Each year, more than 8,000 square kilometres are logged in Canada.Much of Canada's southern Boreal forest has been licenced to logging companies.Approximately one million hectares of Canada's public forests and roughly 90 percent of this area is clear cut.Logging can cause the loss of old growth forests from the landscape, degradation of wildlife habitat and conversion of conifer-dominated forests to hardwood.Underneath Canada's Boreal Forest lies an oil deposit the size of Florida - the oil sands.Alberta's Boreal Forests have already been fragmented by 88,000 oil and gas well sites, and a massive expansion of oil sands extraction is planned in the coming years. This is causing a large amount of carbon emissions.
Forest conservation and protection mean different things but together both approaches help maintain forest ecosystems and biodiversity.Forest conservation refers to a range of activities, tools and approaches to achieve forest health and biodiversity objectives, including in managed forests where harvesting occurs. These activities are set out in sustainable forest management plans and many are backed by law.Conservation efforts are being taken in Canada to ensure sure many things such as:
retaining trees used by wildlife during harvesting
creating a mix of tree species of all types and age
ensuring that sections of forest remain connected to meet wildlife habitat needs
Forest protection refers to the creation of parks and other areas to legally protect them from industrial activity and to help preserve healthy ecosystems. Some examples include:networks of protected areas that enable wildlife to move from one area,habitat for vulnerable plant species protected marine environments,national historic sites and national parks.
Brampton has a Greenbelt plan that ensures that forests that are crucial for the country/city are being protected. I think the Greenbelt plan should be mandatory for all cities across the country to ensure logging/deforesting isn't dominating Canada's stunning forests going or going overboard. This will make sure no illegal deforestation would be made by big companies who only care about business and economy over the environment.