The city of ancient city of Athens was a clustered pattern, with most of the workplaces and the city in one central area, with loosely scattered houses and other facilities surrounding the what now would be called "downtown".
In 510BC, Athens developed the democratic government. And soon other Greek city-states followed the new government structure. Even though not everybody gets to vote, the government, still gives a lot of power to the people. The Athenian leader Cleisthenes introduced a system of political reforms that he called demokratia, or “rule by the people.”
Art and literature in Athens was center of all culture in Greece. Athens was the center of all art and literature in the world, and became an influential part in all art in the world. Through their temples, sculpture, and pottery, the Greeks incorporated a fundamental principle of their culture: arete. To the Greeks, arete meant excellence and reaching one's full potential.
The Partheon was built on a rock hill on the Acropolis. Inside the Parthenon is a statue of the city’s protector/goddess which is Athena. The Parathion was one of the most important structures in all of Greece and especially Athens. The city named after Athena, and the Partheon a gift and worship place for Athena.
The Acropolis was the focal point of religion and culture in Athens, as the temple site for the patron goddess, Athena. It was a place that the citizen would retreat to if under attack, as most Greek city-states had one. An "acropolis" is any citadel or complex built on a high hill.
The Agora of Athens was the center of the ancient city, a large, open square where the citizens could assemble for a wide variety of purposes. Sometimes the space might be used as a market, or for an election, a dramatic performance, a religious procession, military drill, or athletic competition. Here administrative, political, judicial, commercial, social, cultural, and religious activities all found a place together in the heart of Athens, and the square was surrounded by the public buildings necessary to run the Athenian government.