Claim and Information
What social, economic, or political change in the 1800s was the most significant?
The invention of the cotton gin was the most significant.
The invention of the cotton gin had the most significant impact on 1800s America because it deepened segregation caused by slavery, increased reliance on and support of slavery. It also affected the economy by allowing goods to be produced faster, resulting in more profit.
How did this change affect people directly?
Slaves and other African-Americans were seen as even more subhuman than before and it caused people to rely more on the mass production of cotton.
How did it effect the country?
The economy of slave states relied on slavery and tensions grew as people disagreed over slavery. Political parties revolved around slavery.
When did this change happen?
The cotton gin was invented in 1793 by Eli Whitney.
Why did this change occur?
It was a hard and slow process to manually remove seeds from cotton, so the gin was invented so people (mostly African-American slaves) could pick cotton more efficiently.
What else was happening when this occurred?
During this time, the United States was beginning to realize goals of westward expansion while industry and mass production was being developed in bigger communities.
Did it affect the north or south more?
It affected the South more because the southern states were slave states.
How did this affect westward expansion?
People would travel westward to get access to the new territory's potential cotton-producing territory. The United States produced as much as 75% of the world's cotton at one point.