Rome The Eternal City

Location

Weather

The weather in Rome is usually warm year round with a Mediterranean climate. August is the warmest month of the year, and February being the coldest. The highest average temp in the summer is around 96 degrees F. snow is very rare in winter ans big snowstorms occur about once in every 20-25 years.

An average December day.

Region

Rome is located in the lazio region of central Italy, just inland of the Tyrrhenian Sea. The city was built around the Tiber river with seven small hills (Aventine Hill, Caelian Hill, Capitoline Hill, Esquilline Hill, Palatine Hill, Quirinal Hill, and Viminal Hill.)

History

Rome has been standing for nearly 3000 years and is revered to as The Eternal City. Rome was established as the capitol of Italy in 1946 after the execution of Mussolini and the downfall of fascism. The founders of Rome are believed to be Romulus and Remus.

St. Peter's Basilica

CultuRe

Food

The dining habits in Rome are influenced greatly by Greek culture. Wine, olives, cheese, and grapes are commonly eaten and have been an important part of culture since around the early 200 CE. Pasta is another common food and commonly eaten, is carbonara.

Carbonara with egg, cheese, and ham

Religion

There are an estimated 900 churches in Rome. The main religion is Roman Catholic, along with the rest of Italy. There was a religion called "Roman Religion" before Christianity appeared and worshipped many gods, such as Jupiter. Italian is spoken by most of the population of about 2.8 million residents.

Castel Sant' Angelo

Art Forms

Art is an imprtant part of history in Rome and includes theatrical performances, paintings, fountains, and mosaics from many time periods. Rome has one of the largest musical venues; Parco Della Musica. There is also an opera house and many other musical institutions, theaters, and schools for arts.

Attractions

Colosseum

Possibly the most popular attraction, the Colosseum, used to hold circus-like entertainment and gladiator battles. This building can seat over 55,000 spectators.

Catacombs

On the outskirts of Rome there is an ancient road called Appian Way that is dotted with catacombs. The catacombs are underground burial tunnels, with about 40 in Rome, and a few discovered in recent decades.

Trevi Fountain

The largest and most well known fountain is the Trevi Fountain. The legend states that anyone who throws a coin into the fountain will soon again return to Rome.

Saint Peter's Basilica

Saint Peter's Basilica is a 450 foot tall cathedral with the worlds largest dome. It is located on St. Peter's Square, and is considered the spiritual center of Roman Catholicism. The construction started in 1506 and ended over a hundred years later.

Credits:

Created with images by lostajy - "On the train from Avezzano to Rome" • vassilis738 - "dome rome saint peter" • jeffreyw - "Mmm... spaghetti carbonara" • ValerijaB - "rome angel church" • RC_Fotos - "P1030161.jpg" • xiquinhosilva - "10781-Vatican-SanGiovanniinLaterano" • rottnapples - "Day 2- Rome. Vatican Museum" • jimcintosh - "Franciscan Art-31" • Xuan Che - "modern rome - campo vaccino" • bekey - "stairs the museum italia" • Luisfpizarro - "monument merida goddess" • putative3 - "colloseum rome night black and white" • Ken and Nyetta - "Catacombes of Paris - Final Resting Place for 6,000,000 People" • DomyD - "italy rome trevi fountain" • Chema Foces - "Saint Peter's."

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