Coniferous Forest By: Olivia Romano

Geographic Location

Coniferous Forests are mainly located within the northern Hemisphere but some can be found within the Southern Hemisphere. These forests are found within North America, Canada, Asia, Russia, Switzerland and Europe and make up about 1/3 of the earth's forest population. Coniferous forests can also be found within tropical areas with lots of rainfall although most are found within areas with long harsh winters and short mild summers.

Climate

Within the regions where coniferous forests are located there is major snow fall within the winters and humid summers with little rainfall. There are three types of coniferous forests that experience different climates. Temperate coniferous forests are forests that have temperate weather with lots of rainfall, humid summers and cold winters. Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests are forests that experience plenty of rainfall and hot temperatures. Boreal forest (taiga) that is within the northern hemisphere has extremely cold winters and mild summers with little rainfall during the summer and lots of snow during the winters.

Primary Vegetation Type

Coniferous forests consist of many different plant and tree types. The main type of tree species that this forest houses are Spruces, Hemlocks, Pines and Firs. These trees can withstand harsh and cold temperatures. Main plants and bushes within these forests are Thimbleberry Bushes, Pitcher Plants, Deer Ferns, Salal shrubs, and Saskatoon Berry Bushes. Although there are many species of plants and trees within these forests, Coniferous Forests are most known for their Pine Trees.

Characteristic Food Web

This diagram shows each organisms job and role within the society. The lynxes and the wolves are the major predators within the Coniferous Forests and the small predators are the insects, elk, birds, moose, rodents, chipmunks, mice and the squirrels. The diagram then shows the decomposers such as the fungi and worms and the diagram also shows the main trees within the Coniferous Forests.

Human Related Threats

Within the Coniferous Forests ecosystem in Petroglyphs Provincial Park, Ontario. there are a number of human threats. One major human related threat in deforestation which destructs the homes and food sources of animals. By burning fossil fuels from factories, vehicles, and power plants, acid rain occurs which releases toxic substances into the air and results in many organisms to weaken and or die. Hunting and trapping animals also dramatically affects the stability of the forest.

Saving of the Coniferous Forests

Coniferous forests are home of many unique organisms and the actions of humans are disturbing them. By humans destructing forests and burning fossil fuels that result in acid rain, these organisms are being killed and we need to take stand and put a stop to this.

Many people have who a destructing Coniferous forests have no idea what they are actually doing to the wildlife within. About 1 million species of plants and animals exist within Coniferous Forests which means that many of those species are being killed and or harmed when humans interfere with wildlife.

To make a stand, the people of today have to be aware of where they are building factories and power plants. By building power plants and factories near Coniferous Forests, air pollution fills the sky which causes acid rain to fall amongst these forests. Because of the fact that rain and precipitation is very common within Coniferous Forests, many plants, trees, and animals are being affected and harmed by the acid rain. To stop acid rain from affecting Coniferous Forests, boundaries have to be placed on where factories and power plants can and cannot be built so that they do not harm the organisms living within these forests.

By people hunting and trapping animals within Coniferous Forests, they are disturbing the balance of organisms and causing population changes within certain organisms. To prevent an unbalance to occur within these forests, very strict hunting laws and regulations have to be stated and also certain animal species have to be off limits to the hunters.

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Created with images by Nicholas_T - "Ketchum Run Gorge (11)"

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