Egyptian Uprising The arab spring in egypt 2011

While researching the Egyptian Uprising in 2011 I found many things interesting since there really isn't much coverage in the media surrounding the conflicts in this country. The low media coverage also made it a bit difficult to research what happened during this time. It was especially difficult to find out what happened in the end as Egypt is still in the process of recovering from corruption and other criminal acts. The research taken from this revolution and others (French and American) has really shown me that revolutions tend to follow a certain pattern and this knowledge can be used to examine the world today and see if there could possibly be another revolution brewing. The reason for me choosing Egypt specifically was because I found it interesting that one of Africa's biggest countries has gone through so much turmoil (and even still today).

Incubation Stage

Egypt Under the Mubarak Regime: Former president Hosni Mubarak had the longest lasting rule at almost 30 years (1981 - 2011). He was a former military leader but he once president he had abuse his power. There was a lot of corruption in the office as he used his power as the president and military leader to keep people in check, this lead to political repression. Also during this time the people were severely poor and people were lucky to have jobs as simple as selling newspaper. Half the population was only making less than $2 a day or less. There was a huge divide between the rich and the poor, and the less fortunate were getting increasingly unhappy. The people believed him to be an absolute dictator. These problems were factors that can be contributed to the start of the uprising.

Symptomatic Stage

Tunisia's Inspiration: The valuable spark that actually compelled the people to make a united stance against the dictatorship was Tunisia's revolution that had happened earlier. This revolt (also known as the Jasmine Revolution) had started because of one man. This man had set himself in protest of former Tunisian president Zine al-Abadine Ben Ali. This inspired street protests which led too conflicts between the police, which then attracted the attention of the media. All the attention and harsh remarks regarding the brutality forced Ben Ali to resign. This win for Tunisia sparked more protests in neighboring countries, and this string of revolts is now known as the Arab Spring.

Crisis Stage

18 days in Tahrir Square: The protest in Egypt lasted 18 days in Tahrir square, located in downtown Cairo. This protest was the biggest one to occur as smaller protests before were shut down by the police. The huge turnout of people this time could be due to the people having access to information regarding information as to when and where protests would happen.

A man named Wael Ghonim had set up a Facebook page where he expressed his frustration against the government. Many people ended up following his page, also adding remarks of their own. Ghonim used social media to his advantage and spread information about protests to his huge following. They planned everything out and were able to keep it hidden from the government and police.

Once the protesting broke out in Tahrir Square they were met with police brutality. The police were armed with tear gas, water cannons, and guns. Around 800 people were killed in the conflict and this brought the attention of the media. As in Tunisia, the world criticized Mubarak's excessive hostility and was forced to resign.

Convalescence Stage

The Struggle to Recuperate: Mubarak's resignation was not the end of Egypt's struggle. Mohammed Morsi, Egypt's first democratically elected leader, took over as president but soon became corrupt himself. Morsi was a part of the Muslim Brotherhood, an Islamic organization that is now seen as a terrorist group in Egypt, and was too focused on establishing political control. He was soon overthrown by the military and the Brotherhood was banned. Abdel Fattah el-Sisi is now the current leader and is now trying to fix all the problems left behind from Mubarak's and Morsi's reign.

Egypt Uprising VS the French Revolution

Similarities and Differences: These two wars, while many years apart, have some similarities as all wars do. To start off, the both wars were caused due to the people getting tired of their leaders abusing power, draining money, and keeping them from being able to say or do anything against them. Then when an event occurred (Storming of Bastille/Jasmine Revolution) that set off the people, war broke out. A certain thing that I saw between both revolutions that stuck out to me was how both instances ended up dragging out longer than thought due to another dictator arising after the first was overthrown. In the French Revolution, Louis XIV was the absolute monarch and then after him came Napoleon who really wasn't any better. This led to another revolt. In the Egyptian Uprising the people were against Hosni Mubarak, and when his mean steak was over, Mohammed Morsi came to power where he ended up just as corrupt and was later overthrown a year after his election.

A huge difference I thought was important was how the technology of today sped up the process of the revolution for Egypt in comparison to France. What had taken the French many years was compressed into 18 days in today's time.

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