Manifest Destiny Pages 345 - 367

Rivalry in the Northwest

Would you like to know some facts of the "Rivalry in the Northwest"?

  • The Oregon Country was a huge area located north of Californian, between the Pacific Ocean and Rocky Mts.
Pacific Ocean Rocky Mts.
  • In the early 1800's, four nations claimed the vast, rugged land known as the Oregon Country. The United States based its claim of Robert Gray's discovery of the Columbia River in 1792 and the Lewis and Clark expedition.
This is Robert Gray

Adams - Onis Treaty

Would you like to know some facts about the Adams - Onis Treaty.

  • In 1819 Secretary of State John Quincy Adams got spanish to approve the Adams - Onis Treaty.
John Quincy Adams
  • The Americans wanted control of Oregon in order to gain access to the Pacific Ocean.
Oregon Pacific Ocean

Mountain Men of Oregon

  • Fur traders had been the first Americans to take up the challenge of living in the Oregon Country.
American Fur Traders
  • Native American lived in buffalo skin lodges and dressed in fringed buckskin pants, moccasins, and beads.
This is were they lived and what they wore.
  • After awhile animals started to die fast and they ran out of food and clothes so they moved to Oregon and settled on farms.
Oregon Farms
Question: What did American gain from the Adams-Onis Treaty?
Answer: The Americans gained a lot of land from the countries Russia and Spanish.

Oregon and Manifest Destiny - Marcus and Narcissa Whitman

  • In 1830's Americans began traveling to the Oregon Country to settle.
Americans Traveling
  • In 1836 the Americans built a mission among the Cayuse people near the present side of Walla, Walla, Washington.
Walla Walla Washington

Along the Oregon Trail

  • The Whitman massacre was a shocking event, but it did little to stop the flood of pioneers on their way to Oregon.
Whitman Massacre
  • The emigrates left the US to go Oregon. In 1843 about a thousand emigrates made the journey. Tens if thousands more would fallow in the years ahead.
United States Oregon
  • The trip the emigrates took was over and 2,000 mile or 3, 219 km trip.
A long road that is kind like the one the emigrates took.

American Seeks Its Manifest Destiny

  • Since colonial times, many Americans had believed their nation's mission should be to serve as a model of freedom and democracy.
Manifest Destiny
  • In 1819 John Quincy Adams expressed what many American's were thinking when he said expansion to the pacific was as certain as the Mississippi River flowing to the sea.
  • In the 1840's, New York newspapers editor John O'Sullivan expressed in more specific words the idea of a national mission.
Newspaper, and John O'Sullivan Jimmy Sullivan AKA Sully

" Fifty-Four Forty or Fight"

  • In 1844 presidential election happened.
  • Polk's Whig opponent, Henry Clay, did not take a strong position on the Oregon issue.
  • In 1846 the 2 countries comprised. The countries are Oregon and Britain.
Question: How did Polk's views differ from Clay's in the 1844 election?
Answer: Polk was set on getting the Oregon Country to add to the US territory.

Lesson 2

Statehood for Florida and Texas

Question: How did Florida become a state?
Answer: There was a bill signed saying Florida should become part of our Union, the bill was signed by President Tyler, July 17th of 1821.


  • Florida became a state on July 17th of 1821.
Florida map
  • Tallahassee became the territorial capital in 1824
Florida Capital (Tallahassee)
  • Cotton, and tobacco plantations were established in the northern part of Florida.
Cotton Tabacco

The Territory Grows

  • In 1837 the census from the territory of Florida reported that 48,000 people lived there.
Mosquito Country AKA Florida
  • Schools in Florida became a thing on January 11th, 1839.

Statehood for Florida

Iowa finally emerged as a free state candidate.
Question : What caused the population of Florida to grow?
Answer: Disease went away and people stop dying.


  • In 1821 Mexico won Independence from Spain .
Mexico Spain
  • In 1830 Mexico issued a decree, which in official document or order.
A decree
  • In 1835 the conflict grew violent. Mexico General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna took an army into Texas to punish the Rebals.
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna

The Alamo

  • The Texans had only 180 soldiers to take on Santa Anna's army of several thousand.
The Alamo Some Soldiers
  • On March 6th of 1836, Mexican cannon fire smashed the Alamo walls.
A Cannon
  • The Alamo was defenders had been defeated, but they had bought the Texans time to gather troops and supplies.
Troops and them getting ready for war

Texas Declares its Independence

  • On March 2nd of 1836 Texas declared there independence.
  • On April 21st, the Texans launched a surprise attack, shouting " Remember the Alamo ", they killed more than 600 and and captured 700 people and that was including Santa Anna.
The Surprise Attack

The Long Star Republic

  • In September 1836, Texans elected Sam Houston ad their president.
Sam Houston
  • Andrew Jackson, however, refused their request.

Texas Becomes a State

  • Many Texans wanted to join the United States, but couldn't
  • In 1845 Texas joined the Union.
Question: Why did it take a long time for the United States to annex Texas?
Answer: Andrew Jackson refused because it would offset the balance between slave and free states

Lesson 3

War With Mexico

Question: How did the Santa Fe trail benefit the New Mexico?
Answer: The trail was flat so then wagons could pass it easy.

The New Mexico Territory

  • In the early 1800's the land called New Mexico was a vast region between the Texas and the California Territories.
  • In 1821 New Mexico won it's Independence.
  • In 1821 William Becknell was the 1st American to reach Santa Fe.
New Mexico Terr.
Question: How did William B. influence the American settlement of New Mexico?
Answer: To move and keep people safe.

California's Spanish Culture

  • Spanish explorers and missionaries from Mexico settled in California in the 1700's.
  • In the 1840's, more Americans reached California.
California's Spanish Culture

Conflict Begins

  • On April 25, 1846, Mexican troops attacked Taylor's Forces.
  • On May 13, Congress passed a declaration of war against Mexico.
  • Presidant James K. Polk
The War

A War Plan

  • Polk planned 3 important goals they he accomplished to defeat Mexico.
  • By 1847, Zachary Taylor had accomplished the first goal that Polk had planned.
The War Plan

CAlifornia's Uprising

  • On June 14th, of 1846 The Americans declared California independent.
  • In September 1847, six months after Scott's forces landed in Veracruz, and they final captured Mexico's capital .

Peace terms

  • Defeated on February 2, 1848, Mexico's leaders signed the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
  • With Oregon and the former Mexican territories under the american flag, the dream of Manifest Destiny and had been realized.
the treaty
Question: What did America gain from the Mexican War?
Answer: They got a treaty for the owner ship of California and Texas.

Lesson 4

California and Utah

Question: How did the discovery of gold help California?
Answer: Make Money


  • When gold was discovered at Sutter's Mill in 1848.
  • About 300 men arrived from China, the first large group of Asian Immigrates to settle in America.
Gold Sutter's Mill

The Californios

  • The Land Law of 1851, however, established a group of reviewers who examined the Californios land rights.
The Californios

The Life of the Forty Niners

  • There was about 20,000 people that lives in one village.
  • Boomtown merchants, however, made huge profits
life of the forty niners


  • Mining camps contained many men and very few women.
Gold Rush Socienty

Economic and Political Progress

  • Many people who had arrived looking for gold stayed to farm or run a business.
  • In 1849, Californians applied for statehood and wrote a constitution.
Question: How did the California Gold Rush lead to the expansion of cities?
Answer: They made so much money that they could build new things.

A religious Refuge in Utah

  • While the Gold Rush was transforming California, change was also talking place in nearby Utah.
A Religious Refuge in Utah

The Mormons move on

  • In 1830's a guy named Smith began preaching Mormon ideas.
  • In 1839 they bought the town of Commerce, Illinois, and renamed it Nauvoo.
  • In 1844 a mob of local residents killed Joseph Smith.
Mormons move on

A haven in the Desert

  • In 1847 the Mormons finally reached the Great Salt Lake.
  • In 1848 the United States acquired the Salt Lake area from Mexico after the Mexican war.
  • By 1860 there were many Mormon communities, but Utah was not easily incorporated into the United States.
A haven in the Desert
Question: Why did the Mormons have to keep moving from place to another?
Answer: Because things always happened

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Created with images by mhohimer - "The pacific ocean" • jkburton - "mountain lake scenery" • mandalariangirl - "John Quincy Adams 1825-1829" • cliff1066™ - "John Quincy Adams, Sixth President (1825-1829)" • Misserion - "The answer, my friend, is blowin' in the wind" • mhohimer - "The pacific ocean" • tpsdave - "oregon farm mountains" • Ian Sane - "Tree Tsunami" • kevin dooley - "The slums of Pachuca" • Mark Morgan Trinidad B - "U.S." • tpsdave - "oregon farm mountains" • adactio - "Austin Texas"

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